Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New epidemic modelling facilitates assessment of pandemic strategies

The NordicMathCovid project aims to model corona and future epidemics more extensively than has been previously attempted. It also builds towards long-term cooperation in mathematical modeling and extensive collection of ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Understanding the spread of infectious diseases

Scientists worldwide have been working feverishly on research into infectious diseases in the wake of the global outbreak of the COVID-19 disease, caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. This concerns not only virologists, ...

Oncology & Cancer

Destroying cancer cells with non-surgical ultrasound treatment

Focusing ultrasound energy on a target site in the body to generate heat can incinerate and destroy the tissue at the site without a surgical procedure. This method is clinically applied to treat uterine fibroids, prostatic ...

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Mathematical model

A mathematical model uses mathematical language to describe a system. Mathematical models are used not only in the natural sciences and engineering disciplines (such as physics, biology, earth science, meteorology, and engineering) but also in the social sciences (such as economics, psychology, sociology and political science); physicists, engineers, computer scientists, and economists use mathematical models most extensively. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed 'mathematical modelling' (also modeling).

Eykhoff (1974) defined a mathematical model as 'a representation of the essential aspects of an existing system (or a system to be constructed) which presents knowledge of that system in usable form'.

Mathematical models can take many forms, including but not limited to dynamical systems, statistical models, differential equations, or game theoretic models. These and other types of models can overlap, with a given model involving a variety of abstract structures.

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