Medical research

Zebrafish aid effort to regenerate damaged retinas

The tiny zebrafish may hold the secret to regenerating damaged retinas in humans, Vanderbilt University researchers reported last week in the journal Cell Reports.

Oncology & Cancer

Exposing how pancreatic cancer does its dirty work

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most insidious forms of the disease, in which an average of only 9% of patients are alive five years after diagnosis. One of the reasons for such a dismal outcome is that pancreatic cancer ...

Medical research

Biomarkers indicate health in old age

Researchers on aging from the Max Planck Institute for Biology of aging and the Leiden University Medical Center collaborate to link basic insights from model organisms to the causes of aging in humans. Now, they have found ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Researchers show how probiotics benefit vaginal health

Researchers have shown that three genes from a probiotic Lactobacillus species, used in some commercial probiotic vaginal capsules, are almost certainly involved in mediating adhesion to the vaginal epithelium. This is likely ...

Oncology & Cancer

Expert discusses the deeper complexities of cancer

Geeta Mehta studies cancer not simply as masses of cells but as structured organs with multiple cell types that communicate with each other and interact with the body—much like your lungs or liver.

Medical research

Damaged lungs regenerated in study

A new technique to rehabilitate lungs that are too damaged to be considered for transplant could benefit an increasing population of patients with end-stage lung disease.

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Model organism

A model organism is a species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms. In particular, model organisms are widely used to explore potential causes and treatments for human disease when human experimentation would be unfeasible or unethical. This strategy is made possible by the common descent of all living organisms, and the conservation of metabolic and developmental pathways and genetic material over the course of evolution. Studying model organisms can be informative, but care must be taken when generalizing from one organism to another.

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