Neuroscience

Regulating blood supply to limbs improves stroke recovery

Cutting off and then restoring blood supply to a limb following a stroke reduces tissue damage and swelling and improves functional recovery, according to a new study in mice published in JNeurosci. The simple, noninvasive ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Study links patrolling monocytes to lupus-related kidney disease

A study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has found evidence suggesting that patrolling monocytes may drive glomerulonephritis, inflammation of the kidneys, in patients with lupus. The findings overturn the previously ...

Oncology & Cancer

Programming white blood cells to fight pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is the third most lethal cancer in the United States. Patients typically don't know they have it until it's too late, making it difficult to treat. Only 9 percent survive five years after diagnosis.

Medical research

Researchers hope to be able to replace dysfunctional brain cells

A new study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet supports the theory that replacement of dysfunctional immune cells in the brain has therapeutic potential for neurodegenerative diseases like ALS and Alzheimer's disease. ...

Cardiology

Stretch, inflammation and hypertension

Monocytes are known to play an important role in hypertension, although the exact mechanism remains unclear. It is hypothesized that a potential source of monocyte activation originates from its interaction with the vascular ...

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Monocyte

Monocytes are a type of white blood cell and are part of the innate immune system of vertebrates including all mammals (including humans), birds, reptiles, and fish. Monocytes play multiple roles in immune function. Such roles include: (1) replenish resident macrophages and dendritic cells under normal states, and (2) in response to inflammation signals, monocytes can move quickly (approx. 8-12 hours) to sites of infection in the tissues and divide/differentiate into macrophages and dendritic cells to elicit an immune response. Half of them are stored in the spleen. Monocytes are usually identified in stained smears by their large kidney shaped or notched nucleus.

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