Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Mumps spreads on college campuses

Caroline Brown, a sophomore at the University of Missouri, got a fever over Thanksgiving break. Soon it became painful to bite down, and her cheek began to swell. A trip to her physician confirmed it: she had the mumps.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Measles surges in UK years after flawed research (Update)

More than a decade ago, British parents refused to give measles shots to at least a million children because of now discredited research that linked the vaccine to autism. Now, health officials are scrambling to catch up ...

Medications

Two-dose vaccine coverage necessary to reduce mumps outbreaks

An analysis of a recent mumps outbreak in Ontario, Canada, indicates that two doses of mumps vaccine are more effective than one and further reveals the importance of ensuring people, especially older adolescents and young ...

Medications

Canada needs a vaccine seroepidemiology surveillance system

Canada should establish a vaccine seroepidemiology surveillance network to better understand the effectiveness of vaccination programs, according to an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Immunology

Mumps resurgence likely due to waning vaccine-derived immunity

A resurgence of mumps in the U.S. among vaccinated young adults appears to be due to waning of vaccine-induced immunity, according to a new analysis from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Researchers found that vaccine-derived ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

One step closer to vaccine for common respiratory disease

Young children and the elderly are especially susceptible to respiratory syncytial virus. The three-dimensional structure of respiratory syncytial virus has been solved by an international team from Finland and Switzerland.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Mumps outbreak reported at Temple University

(HealthDay)—Ten confirmed cases of mumps, six probable cases, and a case under investigation have been reported at Temple University in Philadelphia.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Third dose of MMR vaccine could help curb mumps outbreaks

(HealthDay)—A third dose of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine lowers the risk of mumps during an outbreak, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Mumps

Mumps (epidemic parotitis) is a viral disease of the human species, caused by the mumps virus. Before the development of vaccination and the introduction of a vaccine, it was a common childhood disease worldwide. It is still a significant threat to health in the third world, and outbreaks still occur sporadically in developed countries.

Painful swelling of the salivary glands (classically the parotid gland) is the most typical presentation. Painful testicular swelling (orchitis) and rash may also occur. The symptoms are generally not severe in children. In teenage males and men, complications such as infertility or subfertility are more common, although still rare in absolute terms. The disease is generally self-limiting, running its course before receding, with no specific treatment apart from controlling the symptoms with pain medication.

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