Neuroscience

Brain 'noise' keeps nerve connections young

Neurons communicate through rapid electrical signals that regulate the release of neurotransmitters, the brain's chemical messengers. Once transmitted across a neuron, electrical signals cause the juncture with another neuron, ...

Neuroscience

Watching the brain learn

Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying brain plasticity (how the brain can learn, develop and reorganize itself) is crucial for explaining many illnesses and conditions. Neurocientists from the University ...

Neuroscience

How networks form: Charting the developing brain

How can you build neuronal networks that are more complex than anything known today? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in Frankfurt, Germany, have mapped the development of inhibitory neuronal circuitry ...

Neuroscience

Astrocytes identified as master 'conductors' of the brain

In the orchestra of the brain, the firing of each neuron is controlled by two notes—excitatory and inhibitory—that come from two distinct forms of a cellular structure called synapses. Synapses are essentially the connections ...

Neuroscience

Calcium channel subunits play a major role in autistic disorders

The ability of the human brain to process and store information is determined to a large extent by the connectivity between nerve cells. Chemical synapses are very important in this context as they constitute the interface ...

Neuroscience

How synaptic changes translate to behavior changes

Learning changes behavior by altering many connections between brain cells in a variety of ways all at the same time, according to a study of sea slugs recently published in JNeurosci. The findings offer insight into how ...

Medical research

Discovery of a novel function for MAP2 in synaptic strengthening

Korea Brain Research Institute (KBRI, headed by Suh Pan-Ghill) announced on the 6th of April, 2020 that the KBRI research team led by Dr. Kea Joo Lee (Collaboration with Dr. Daniel Pak at Georgetown University) presented ...

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