Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Imbalance in gum bacteria linked to Alzheimer's disease biomarker

Older adults with more harmful than healthy bacteria in their gums are more likely to have evidence for amyloid beta—a key biomarker for Alzheimer's disease—in their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), according to new research ...

Surgery

What is gum recession and how do gum grafts work to remedy it?

Gum recession can be a result of genetic factors, orthodontics, age, tobacco use, or vigorous tooth brushing. It may even happen to people who take good care of their teeth. Periodontal disease, which is increasing in adults, ...

Oncology & Cancer

Esophageal cancer patients show abundance of oral pathogens

It is increasingly clear that the trillions of bacteria that make themselves at home in and on the human body are more than just casual observers along for the ride. Gut bacteria in particular have been shown to have an enormous ...

Diabetes

How poor oral hygiene may result in metabolic syndrome

Periodontal or gum disease is known to be a significant risk factor of metabolic syndrome, a group of conditions increasing the risk for heart disease and diabetes. In a new study, researchers from Tokyo Medical and Dental ...

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Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a set of inflammatory diseases affecting the periodontium, i.e., the tissues that surround and support the teeth. Periodontitis involves progressive loss of the alveolar bone around the teeth, and if left untreated, can lead to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth. Periodontitis is caused by microorganisms that adhere to and grow on the tooth's surfaces, along with an overly aggressive immune response against these microorganisms. A diagnosis of periodontitis is established by inspecting the soft gum tissues around the teeth with a probe (i.e. a clinical exam) and by evaluating the patient's x-ray films (i.e. a radiographic exam), to determine the amount of bone loss around the teeth. Specialists in the treatment of periodontitis are periodontists; their field is known as "periodontology" or "periodontics".

The word "periodontitis" comes from peri ("around"), odont ("tooth") and -itis ("inflammation").

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA