Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Dog-mediated rabies remains persistently endemic in Africa

Dog-mediated rabies, a fatal disease that kills tens of thousands of people in Africa every year, remains persistently endemic in affected regions. That is, despite an overall low virus prevalence, and attempts to combat ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Rabies vaccine candidate begins human trials in Tanzania

The University of Oxford and the Ifakara Health Institute today announced the vaccination of the first participants in a Phase Ib/II trial testing a novel rabies vaccine in human volunteers in Tanzania.

Health

Mayo Clinic Minute: Bats can be a rabies threat

October is Bat Month and a good time to make sure they are not roosting in your home. The Humane Society of the United States has tips to evict them so they don't hibernate in your home for the winter.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Malaria vaccine 'first to meet WHO efficacy target'

A malaria vaccine candidate tested on children in West Africa has shown an efficacy of around 77 percent, say scientists, hailing it as a breakthrough in the fight against the disease.

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Rabies

Rabies (pronounced /ˈreɪbiːz/. From Latin: rabies) is a viral neuroinvasive disease that causes acute encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) in warm-blooded animals. It is zoonotic (i.e. transmitted by animals), most commonly by a bite from an infected animal but occasionally by other forms of contact. Generally fatal if left untreated, it is a significant killer of livestock in some countries.

The rabies virus travels to the brain by following the peripheral nerves. The incubation period of the disease depends on how far the virus must travel to reach the central nervous system, usually taking a few months. Once the infection reaches the central nervous system and symptoms begin to show, the untreated infection is usually fatal within days.

Early-stage symptoms of rabies are malaise, headache and fever, later progressing to more serious ones, including acute pain, violent movements, uncontrolled excitement, depression and inability to swallow water. Finally, the patient may experience periods of mania and lethargy, followed by coma. The primary cause of death is usually respiratory insufficiency.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA