Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Many Black men with 'normal' lung function may actually have emphysema

A significant percentage of Black men found to have normal lung function after race-based adjustments to spirometry were actually found to have emphysema on their computed tomography (CT) scans, according to research published ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Demographics, not bias, best predict traffic stops

When it comes to predicting how often Black drivers will be stopped by traffic police versus how often white drivers will be stopped, you're better off looking at census numbers than asking people how they feel about other ...

Autism spectrum disorders

Minimal race, sex bias identified in the ADOS-2 autism measure

Differential item functioning (DIF) is minimal across race and sex in the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition (ADOS-2), according to a study published online April 26 in JAMA Network Open.

Dentistry

Dental visits declined among adults from 2019 to 2020

From 2019 to 2020, there was a decline in the percentage of adults with a dental visit in the previous 12 months, according to an April data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National ...

Pediatrics

Role of race in calculating UTI risk in children reassessed

The variable race is associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) in children, but it can be replaced with history of UTI and duration of fever in a previously developed prediction tool, according to a review published online ...

Medical research

More than half of clinical trials do not report race/ethnicity data

Clinical trials represent one the largest investments of collective resources in science. These studies, which recruit participants and rigorously evaluate new interventions and therapeutics, aim to advance scientific knowledge ...

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