Ophthalmology

Immune system can slow degenerative eye disease, mouse study shows

A new study shows that the complement system, part of the innate immune system, plays a protective role to slow retinal degeneration in a mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa, an inherited eye disease. This surprising discovery ...

Medical research

Researcher seeks early detection to forestall glaucoma's ravages

Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the U.S. and worldwide. More than 3 million Americans suffer from the eye disease. If caught and treated early, its progression can be significantly slowed, but the disease often ...

Neuroscience

Retinal prion disease study redefines role for brain cells

National Institutes of Health scientists studying the progression of inherited and infectious eye diseases that can cause blindness have found that microglia, a type of nervous system cell suspected to cause retinal damage, ...

Neuroscience

Faulty molecular master switch may contribute to AMD

A signaling pathway controlled by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) could be involved in the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Researchers at the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National ...

Ophthalmology

Artificial intelligence in opthamology

Around six years ago, high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) was jointly developed by MedUni Vienna's Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Technology and its Department of Ophthalmology. OCT is an imaging ...

Genetics

Genetic diversity impacts disease severity

New research offers clues as to why some diseases are highly variable between individuals. The phenomenon is apparent in people with retinitis pigmentosa, a condition that causes the light-sensing cells in the eye to degenerate. ...

Ophthalmology

Toward a computer model that predicts the outcome of eye diseases

The eye hosts a powerful biological computer, the retina. Understanding how the retina transforms images from the outside world into signals that the brain can interpret would not only result in insights into brain computations, ...

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