Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Three animals that can detect disease in humans

When it comes to accurately diagnosing a disease, you might think you need expensive, high-tech machinery and equipment capable of looking deep beneath the skin at what's going on in the body. But while these high-tech implements ...


Researchers aim to prevent seizures in Sturge-Weber syndrome

Port wine stains—capillary malformations on the skin—are the most visible manifestation of Sturge-Weber syndrome. However, up to 60% of babies with birthmarks in high-risk locations (forehead and upper eyelid) also have ...

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An epileptic seizure is a transient symptom of excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain. It can manifest as an alteration in mental state, tonic or clonic movements, convulsions, and various other psychic symptoms (such as déjà vu or jamais vu). The medical syndrome of recurrent, unprovoked seizures is termed epilepsy, but seizures can occur in people who do not have epilepsy.

About 4% of people will have an unprovoked seizure by the age of 80 and only 30% to 40% or according to another study 50% chance of a second one. Treatment may reduce the chance of a second one by as much as half.

The treatment of epilepsy is a subspecialty of neurology; the study of seizures is part of neuroscience. Doctors who specialize in epilepsy are epileptologists; doctors who specialize in the treatment of children with epilepsy are pediatric epileptologists.

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