HIV & AIDS

In rare cases, immune system fails despite HIV suppression

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is usually very effective at suppressing HIV in the body, allowing a person's immune system to recover by preventing the virus from destroying CD4+ T cells. Scientists have now identified a rare, ...

Medications

Whooping cough evolving to beat antibiotics and possibly vaccine

A new strain of Bordetella pertussis – the bacterium that causes whooping cough – has become resistant to antibiotic treatment and may also be resistant to the vaccine used in China. A UNSW Sydney academic says the growing ...

Cancer

Gut microbiome directs the immune system to fight cancer

The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors—which "release the brakes" of the body's immune system to launch an efficient tumor attack—are a major breakthrough in cancer immunotherapy. However, these treatments don't work ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Antibodies from earlier exposures affect response to new flu strains

We are repeatedly exposed to the influenza virus via infections, vaccinations and our communal environments. The annual flu shot is believed to be the best line of defense, and doctors recommend vaccinations every year because ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

AAP: Nasal spray vaccine against flu acceptable in 2019 to 2020

(HealthDay)—The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) plans to advise families to vaccinate children against influenza with either the flu shot or nasal spray vaccine during the 2019 to 2020 flu season, in contrast to the ...

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