Medical research

Immunotherapy reduces lung and liver fibrosis in mice

Chronic diseases often lead to fibrosis, a condition in which organ tissue suffers from excessive scarring. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now developed an immunotherapy that specifically targets the cause—activated ...

Immunology

Study identifies key player in T cell 'education'

Vanderbilt researchers have identified a protein that is key to the "education" of immature T cells in the thymus. The findings, reported in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, could inform therapeutic strategies for enhancing ...

Neuroscience

Revealing roles of dementia proteins in normal memory

New research has revealed how the tau protein, a critical element in the formation of Alzheimer's disease, is also involved in normal learning processes in the healthy brain—potentially providing a focal point for future ...

Medical research

Endothelial cells play important role in blood clotting

When an injury occurs, coagulation proteins are integral to forming clots (thrombosis) and stopping bleeding (hemostasis). Dr. Clay Cohen, assistant professor of pediatric hematology and oncology at Baylor College of Medicine, ...

Oncology & Cancer

Blood-based biomarkers for brain tumours

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), along with collaborators, have identified potential blood-based biomarkers to predict disease progression and survival times in those with late-stage brain tumors.

Oncology & Cancer

New pathways to target breast cancer

A pathway helping the breast cancer protein BRCA1 repair damaged DNA has been identified by University of Queensland researchers in a study that will inform future targeted therapies.

Oncology & Cancer

Breaking through the tumor's protective shield

The immune system protects the body from cancer. To protect healthy body cells from its own immune system, they have developed a protective shield: the protein CD47 is a so called "don't eat me" signal, which tells the immune ...

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