Neuroscience

Researchers identify brain protein crucial to recovery from stroke

Every 40 seconds, someone in the United States suffers a stroke and available therapies, such as clot busting drugs or clot removal devices, are focused on limiting the extent of brain damage. Now, research from the University ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Two windows into the brain

One in 59 children are diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), a wide array of conditions affecting a child's social, emotional, and behavioral development. With prevalence growing at an unprecedented rate—it ...

Neuroscience

Excessive body fat around the middle linked to smaller brain size

Carrying extra body fat, especially around the middle, may be linked to brain shrinkage, according to a study published in the January 9, 2019, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. ...

Neuroscience

Age and sex affect infant brain structure

Infant brain development is still poorly understood. Thus, research on the topic is vital as developing brains are sensitive to early environmental factors. Recognising this, the FinnBrain imaging study conducted in Turku ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Researchers identify brain changes in schizophrenia patients

Researchers have unlocked details revealing how brains change in people with schizophrenia and evidence suggesting that in the early stages of the illness the brain may be compensating for damage caused.

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White matter

White matter is one of the two components of the central nervous system and consists mostly of myelinated axons. White matter tissue of the freshly cut brain appears pinkish white to the naked eye because of myelin is composed largely of lipid and a few percent of capillaries. Its white color is due to its usual preservation in formaldehyde. A 20 year-old male has around 176,000 km of myelinated axons in his brain.

The other main component of the brain is grey matter (actually pinkish tan due to blood capillaries). A third colored component found in the brain that appears darker due to higher levels of melanin in dopaminergic neurons than its nearby areas is the substantia nigra.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA