Human Molecular Genetics

Genetics (from Ancient Greek γενετικός genetikos, "genitive" and that from γένεσις genesis, "origin"), a discipline of biology, is the science of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms. Genetics deals with the molecular structure and function of genes, gene behavior in context of a cell or organism (e.g. dominance and epigenetics), patterns of inheritance from parent to offspring, and gene distribution, variation and change in populations. Given that genes are universal to living organisms, genetics can be applied to the study of all living systems, from viruses and bacteria, through plants and domestic animals, to humans (as in medical genetics). The fact that living things inherit traits from their parents has been used since prehistoric times to improve crop plants and animals through selective breeding. However, the modern science of genetics, which seeks to understand the process of inheritance, only began with the work of Gregor Mendel in the mid-19th century. Although he did not know the physical basis for heredity, Mendel observed that organisms inherit traits via discrete units of inheritance, which are now called genes. Genes correspond to regions within DNA,

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Country
Great Britain
History
1992 to present
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7.386 (200p)
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New gene variants found in childhood body mass index

An international team of scientists has identified novel gene locations associated with childhood body mass index (BMI)—an important measurement related to childhood obesity. The meta-analysis, covering over 47,000 children, ...

Mar 10, 2016
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Genetic cause of unknown disease uncovered

Researchers at the University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital have found the genetic cause of a previously undescribed disease. With this, they have solved an over ten year old medical conundrum.

Sep 01, 2015
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New clues identified in childhood cancer syndrome

Children with the inherited cancer syndrome neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) are prone to developing brain and nerve tumors as well as myriad other medical problems, including autism, epilepsy and bone defects.

Mar 31, 2016
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Pegylated enzyme helps in mice with urea cycle disorder

A specially engineered, long-lasting form of the enzyme arginase, which converts arginine to ornithine, reduces levels of arginine in the blood after both single and repeated doses in mice with arginase deficiency said researchers ...

Oct 05, 2015
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