Human Molecular Genetics

Genetics (from Ancient Greek γενετικός genetikos, "genitive" and that from γένεσις genesis, "origin"), a discipline of biology, is the science of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms. Genetics deals with the molecular structure and function of genes, gene behavior in context of a cell or organism (e.g. dominance and epigenetics), patterns of inheritance from parent to offspring, and gene distribution, variation and change in populations. Given that genes are universal to living organisms, genetics can be applied to the study of all living systems, from viruses and bacteria, through plants and domestic animals, to humans (as in medical genetics). The fact that living things inherit traits from their parents has been used since prehistoric times to improve crop plants and animals through selective breeding. However, the modern science of genetics, which seeks to understand the process of inheritance, only began with the work of Gregor Mendel in the mid-19th century. Although he did not know the physical basis for heredity, Mendel observed that organisms inherit traits via discrete units of inheritance, which are now called genes. Genes correspond to regions within DNA,

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Country
Great Britain
History
1992 to present
Impact factor
7.386 (200p)
Some content from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA

Two new genes linked to intellectual disability

Researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have discovered two new genes linked to intellectual disability, according to two research studies published concurrently this month in the journals Human Genetics and Hu ...

Mar 31, 2014
popularity 5 / 5 (1) | comments 0

Genetic cause found for premature ovarian failure

A team led by researchers from the Spanish National Research Council and the University of Salamanca has found a genetic cause for premature ovarian failure, a disorder affecting 1 percent of women that provokes the loss ...

Mar 05, 2014
popularity not rated yet | comments 0

Different eggs in adolescent girls and adult women

Are the eggs produced by adolescent girls the same as the ones produced by adult women? A recent study published in Human Molecular Genetics by Professor Kui Liu from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden ...

Feb 26, 2014
popularity 4 / 5 (4) | comments 0

Smoking changes our genes

(Medical Xpress)—The fact that smoking means a considerable health risk is nowadays commonly accepted. New research findings from Uppsala University and Uppsala Clinical Research Center show that smoking ...

Dec 17, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (2) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

New gene variant discovered for ALS

(Medical Xpress)—Research led by King's College London has identified a new genetic variant, located on chromosome 17, associated with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – the most common form ...

Dec 03, 2013
popularity 4.5 / 5 (2) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Gene linked to common intellectual disability

(Medical Xpress)—University of Adelaide researchers have taken a step forward in unravelling the causes of a commonly inherited intellectual disability, finding that a genetic mutation leads to a reduction in certain proteins ...

Nov 13, 2013
popularity 3.7 / 5 (3) | comments 0 | with audio podcast