Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is among the most common causes of death in the US. It is a smoking-related disease for which there are currently no disease-altering therapies. However, hope that one could be developed is now provided by the work of Enid Neptune and colleagues, at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, in a mouse model of lung disease caused by exposure to cigarette smoke.
Neptune and colleagues found that lostartan, a drug used widely in the clinic (e.g., to treat high blood pressure), reduced lung disease in mice caused by exposure to cigarette smoke.
Losartan blocks the protein angiotensin receptor type 1, and its effects on cigarette smokeinduced lung injury were a result of the fact that blocking angiotensin receptor type 1 leads to a decrease in levels of the soluble molecule TGF-beta.
The authors therefore suggest that other TGF-betatargeted therapeutics might also be viable candidates for the treatment of COPD.
Angiotensin receptor blockade attenuates cigarette smokeinduced lung injury and rescues lung architecture in mice, Journal of Clinical Investigation.