Deception can be perfected

With a little practice, one could learn to tell a lie that may be indistinguishable from the truth.

New Northwestern University research shows that lying is more malleable than previously thought, and with a certain amount of training and instruction, the art of deception can be perfected.

People generally take longer and make more mistakes when telling than telling the truth, because they are holding two conflicting answers in mind and suppressing the honest response, previous research has shown. Consequently, researchers in the present study investigated whether lying can be trained to be more automatic and less task demanding.

This research could have implications for and the administering of lie detector tests to better handle deceptions in more realistic scenarios.

Researchers found that instruction alone significantly reduced reaction times associated with participants' deceptive responses.

They used a —an instruction group in which participants were told to speed up their lies and make fewer errors, but were not given time to prepare their lies—and a training group, which received training in how to speed up their deceptive responses and were given time to prepare their lies. In the training group that practiced their lies, the differences between deceptive and truthful responses were completely eliminated.

"We found that lying is more malleable and can be changed upon intentional practice," said Xiaoqing Hu, lead author of the study and a doctoral candidate in the department of psychology at Northwestern.

Hu said they were surprised that even in the instruction group, members who were not given time to prepare their lies and told only to try to speed up their responses and make fewer errors were able to significantly reduce their deceptive response .

"This was really unexpected because it suggests that people can be really flexible, and after they know what is expected from them, they want to avoid being detected," Hu said, noting the findings could help in crime fighting.

"In real life, there's usually a time delay between the crime and interrogation," said Hu. "Most people would have time to prepare and practice their lies prior to the interrogation." However, previous research in deception usually gave participants very little time to prepare their lies.

Lie detector tests most often rely on physiological responses. Therefore, Hu said further research warrants looking at whether additional could result in physiological changes in addition to inducing behavior changes as observed in their study.

More information: "A Repeated Lie Becomes a Truth? The Effect of Intentional Control and Training on Deception" was recently published in Frontiers in Cognitive Science. www.frontiersin.org/Cognitive_… .2012.00488/abstract

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cantdrive85
2 / 5 (6) Dec 06, 2012
A "study" was needed to explain the methods of the politician?
Lurker2358
1.8 / 5 (5) Dec 06, 2012
Why no extra controls, such as groups instructed to tell the truth, groups instructed to speed up and make fewer errors, or groups actually trained to help tell the truth?

If find it somewhat evil that a public university would promote dishonest behavior and actually seek to perfect deception through experiment.

What is happening here is a desensitization phenomenon, which is not unlike what the authors said. Once you instruct a person to lie, they now know lying is expected of them, so they have no moral or ethical conflict with lying, because you have taken an evil thing and re-labelled it as a good thing in that person's mind, at least in this one context. it's really a form of indoctrination whereby you have converted a moral person into a pathological liar through positive reinforcement of a negative behavior or belief.
Tausch
1.8 / 5 (5) Dec 06, 2012
Ask those diagnosed as/with NPD.
I do not understand Xiaoqing Hu.
Reinforcing the hall mark behaviourisms of NPD.

A "study" was needed to explain the American way of life.
Lurker2358
2.1 / 5 (7) Dec 06, 2012
Ask those diagnosed as/with NPD.
I do not understand Xiaoqing Hu.
Reinforcing the hall mark behaviourisms of NPD.

A "study" was needed to explain the American way of life.


"Nine out of ten doctors prescribed brand X over Brand Y," says Brand X.

No, wait! "Eight out of ten doctors presribed brand Y over brand X," says brand Y to the audience, "maybe if we tell a smaller lie it won't be as obvious," he says to himself.

I figure they probably each settled on "seven" as the final version of the lie because it's the largest majority number not easily proved to be false, even if it is false, but is also larger than the smallest whole number majority, which would be six. Therefore it seems convincing, to some, to be told that seven out of ten doctors preferred the product.

Capitalism, certainly American capitalism, is entirely based on lies. You don't need to have the best product, nor even a good product, you merely need to convince people you have the best, which is different
obama_socks
1 / 5 (6) Dec 06, 2012
"Capitalism, certainly American capitalism, is entirely based on lies. You don't need to have the best product, nor even a good product, you merely need to convince people you have the best, which is different" -Lurker

FYI, the TRUE, HONEST Capitalism has never been practiced or experienced in the U.S. or anywhere else. Honest Capitalism was shelved long ago by those who "tested the water" to see how far they could go and how much they could get away with. ALL pyramid "ponzi" schemes are anti-Capitalist which makes fooling and duping the public out of their money very easy.
OTOH, people get duped easily because they become greedy, rushing to invest in a ponzi scheme and getting taken to the cleaners.
Honest Capitalism has a lot of rules for both seller and buyer that must be followed to the letter on all sides. It's only if one side OR the other gets greedy and wants it all that trouble begins and somebody gets duped.
The Welfare system is a huge Ponzi scheme that's anti-Capitalist
obama_socks
1 / 5 (7) Dec 06, 2012
It's anti-Capitalist because it robs the working taxpayers to redistribute the money they worked hard for, to give to those who didn't work for that money but believe that it's owed to them. They call it 'social justice' to redistribute wealth from those who earned it. There's no Capitalism in that. It's pure theft and is a form of violence...and lies.
Lurker2358
3 / 5 (6) Dec 06, 2012
It's anti-Capitalist because it robs the working taxpayers to redistribute the money they worked hard for, to give to those who didn't work for that money but believe that it's owed to them. They call it 'social justice' to redistribute wealth from those who earned it. There's no Capitalism in that. It's pure theft and is a form of violence...and lies.


The majority of people who actually "work" in this country pay very little taxes, idiot.

I used to do taxes professionally. You know next to nothing.

"Working class" people are primarily lower class to middle class, and they don't pay a lot of taxes because the government recognizes that they don't have enough to pay taxes.

Most CEO's and brokers can't balance their own books it seems, and yet they make all the money, along with circus clowns such as actors and athletes.

the majority of wealth redistribution (which is not enough) comes from taxing people who make tens or hundreds or even thousands of times more income.
Lurker2358
3 / 5 (6) Dec 06, 2012
I say "income" I didn't say "earnings" because they didn't "Earn" it. They stole the excess of the REAL workers' labors, that is stole it from the middle and lower class people, through legalized theft.

The wealthy currently pay the lowest tax rate they have paid in at least about a century and their ratio of income vs the median income is ten times the historical average.

What this means is that the wealthy are TEN times more wealthy than they've ever been, both in relative terms compared to the median, AND they pay the lowest tax rate they've ever paid...yet they complain about suggestions that they need to raise taxes on the wealthy.

They could DOUBLE the tax rate on the top 10% and they'd still have far, far more than everyone else after tax season.

A wealth redistribution needs to happen.

And we also need to cut our military in half, unless someone in government plans on just defaulting on the federal debt and shouting, "screw you world we have a bigger military!"
obama_socks
1 / 5 (5) Dec 07, 2012
@Lurker
You talk like a fool. If you do or did taxes professionally, then you must be aware by now that taxes will also be going up on the working lower and middle class, and that many of those workers will LOSE their jobs BECAUSE of the higher taxes and new strict regulations to be imposed on the Job Providers.
Yes, there IS a difference between "income" and "earned income" and that the wealthy don't necessarily "work" for their income. But you may have noticed that CEOs don't usually stash their income and buy personal stuff with it. They put that income right back INTO the business to pay for salaries and all business expenses. Such business expenses may be deductible and in many cases, businessmen live off their tax refunds.
Democrat Senator Howard Dean is calling for taxes imposed "across the board"...NOT ONLY on the wealthy. He KNOWS that the volume of wealthy in the U.S. is simply not enough to make much of a difference in balancing the budget. Obama tax and spend is the plan.
thingumbobesquire
2.3 / 5 (3) Dec 07, 2012
The vast majority of humanity has no idea that their assumptions about what constitutes truth are false. The notion that a fact is some thing reduced to completeness in and of itself is typical of such false assumptions. The supposed scientific research described here is governed by a sophistical outlook akin to what Plato in his time rightfully and devastatingly descried as the antithesis of truth seeking.