Hormonal contraception may up gestational diabetes risk

July 25, 2014
Hormonal contraception may up gestational diabetes risk
The type of contraceptives used before pregnancy may influence the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, according to research published July 17 in Preventing Chronic Disease.

(HealthDay)—The type of contraceptives used before pregnancy may influence the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to research published July 17 in Preventing Chronic Disease.

Brittney A. Kramer, M.P.H., of the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services in Jefferson City, and colleagues analyzed data for 2,741 women who completed the 2007 to 2008 Missouri Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. The authors sought to examine the association between contraceptive method used before and maternal risk for GDM.

The researchers found that, among the women surveyed, 17.9 percent had used hormonal contraceptive methods and 8.3 percent were diagnosed with GDM. Women who used hormonal methods of contraception were more likely to be diagnosed with GDM (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.43; 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 1.32 to 1.55) than those who used no contraception. Women who used barrier methods of contraception were less likely to be diagnosed with GDM (aOR, 0.79; 95 percent CI, 0.72 to 0.86) than those who used no contraception.

"Findings suggest there may be a relationship between type of contraceptive method and GDM," the authors write. "More research is needed to verify contraception as a potential risk factor for GDM."

More information: Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

High fruit consumption not linked to gestational diabetes

March 29, 2012

(HealthDay) -- Higher consumption of whole fruits prior to pregnancy is not associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and the association between fruit juice consumption and GDM appears to be ...

Low adiponectin in first trimester linked to GDM

February 1, 2013

(HealthDay)—Low adiponectin levels during the first trimester of pregnancy correlate with a higher level of insulin resistance and an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to research ...

Rates of gestational diabetes mellitus vary by state

June 18, 2013

(HealthDay)—Obesity, age, race/ethnicity, hospital characteristics, and insurance type may contribute to the variability in rates of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) between states, according to research published in ...

First-trimester biomarker may help identify early GDM risk

August 9, 2013

(HealthDay)—Glycosylated fibronectin may be able to identify pregnant women during the first trimester at risk for developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Obstetrics ...

Attention to postpartum contraception needed

April 2, 2014

(HealthDay)—Women in the postpartum period should receive counseling and access to contraceptive methods to promote optimal birth spacing, according to research published in the April issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics ...

Recommended for you

Can four fish oil pills a day keep the doctor away?

July 7, 2015

Fish oil is one of the most popular dietary supplements in the U.S. because of the perceived cardiovascular benefits of the omega-3 it contains. However, scientific findings on its effectiveness have been conflicting. New ...

1 comment

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

HG Mercury
not rated yet Jul 25, 2014
Could it be women with PCOS/irregular cycles are more likely the be on hormonal BC for menstrual cycle regulation as well as birth control, which is associated with insulin resistance/high BMI/eventual Type II diabetes (all associated with GDM)?

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.