News tagged with kidney
Bioengineered rat kidneys developed by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators successfully produced urine both in a laboratory apparatus and after being transplanted into living animals. In their ...
Medical research Apr 14, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (9) | 4 |
Researchers have solved a 60-year-old mystery by identifying a gene that can cause rejection, kidney failure and even death in some blood transfusion patients. In this study, published in Nature Genetics online ...
Genetics Apr 07, 2013 | 5 / 5 (9) | 0 |
The gene most strongly linked to obesity and overeating may also increase the risk of malignant melanoma – the most deadly skin cancer, reveals research published in Nature Genetics.
Genetics Mar 04, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
A genetic variant commonly found in Chinese people may help explain why some got seriously ill with swine flu, a discovery scientists say could help pinpoint why flu viruses hit some populations particularly ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jan 29, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Nearly 20 percent of kidneys that are recovered from deceased donors in the U.S. are refused for transplant due to factors ranging from scarring in small blood vessels of the kidney's filtering units to the organ going too ...
Medical research May 20, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
(HealthDay)—An experimental drug that taps the power of the body's immune system to fight cancer is shrinking tumors in patients for whom other treatments have failed, an early study shows.
Cancer May 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Development of a sophisticated artificial pancreas holds potential to transform the lives of patients with Type 1 diabetes.
Diabetes May 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
New engineered spider protein could be the start of a new generation of anti-venom vaccines, potentially saving thousands of lives worldwide. The new protein, created from parts of a toxin from the reaper ...
Medications May 09, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
A new virus that causes severe breathing distress and kidney failure elicits a distinctive airway cell response to allow it to multiply. Scientists studying the Human Coronavirus-Erasmus Medical Center, which ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Researchers at King's College London's Dental Institute have shown that people with a certain kind of kidney disease have characteristic facial features that may reflect the genetic mutation ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 24, 2013 | 4 / 5 (1) | 1 |
Researchers may have found a way to block kidney-destroying inflammation and help damaged kidney cells recover.
Medical research Apr 16, 2013 | 4.6 / 5 (5) | 3 |
Researchers with the Institute of Urologic Oncology and the Department of Urology at UCLA have classified kidney cancer into several unique subtypes, a finding that will help physicians tailor treatment to ...
Cancer Apr 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Johns Hopkins scientists have found out how a gout-linked genetic mutation contributes to the disease: by causing a breakdown in a cellular pump that clears an acidic waste product from the bloodstream. By comparing this ...
Medical research Apr 08, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce insulin and cannot convert sugar, starches and other food into energy. Generally diagnosed during childhood or adolescence, the disease ...
Diabetes Mar 25, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
'Clinical trials in a dish' may be more reliable than standard way of measuring drug effects on heart, researchers say
(Medical Xpress)—Last week, the common antibiotic Zithromax received a new warning label from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration indicating it could cause dangerous arrhythmias in people with pre-existing heart conditions. ...
Medical research Mar 22, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
The kidneys are paired organs, which have the production of urine as their primary function. Kidneys are seen in many types of animals, including vertebrates and some invertebrates. They are part of the urinary system, but have several secondary functions concerned with homeostatic functions. These include the regulation of electrolytes, acid-base balance, and blood pressure. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium; the kidneys also are responsible for the reabsorption of glucose and amino acids. Finally, the kidneys are important in the production of hormones including vitamin D, renin and erythropoietin.
Located behind the abdominal cavity in the retroperitoneum, the kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries, and drain into the paired renal veins. Each kidney excretes urine into a ureter, itself a paired structure that empties into the urinary bladder.
Renal physiology is the study of kidney function, while nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with diseases of the kidney. Diseases of the kidney are diverse, but individuals with kidney disease frequently display characteristic clinical features. Common clinical presentations include the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, acute kidney failure, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract obstruction.
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