News tagged with mental retardation
Children living near toxic waste sites in lower and middle income countries such as India, Philippines and Indonesia may experience higher blood lead levels, resulting in a loss of IQ points and a higher incidence of mental ...
Health May 06, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Using spinning disk microscopy on barely day-old zebra fish embryos, University of Oregon scientists have gained a new window on how synapse-building components move to worksites in the central nervous system.
Neuroscience Apr 18, 2013 | 4 / 5 (1) | 0 |
The most common inherited form of mental retardation and autism, fragile X syndrome, turns some brain cells into chatterboxes, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report.
Neuroscience Feb 20, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (4) | 1 |
Neuroscientists find that two rare autism-related disorders are caused by opposing malfunctions in the brain
(Medical Xpress) -- Most cases of autism are not caused by a single genetic mutation. However, several disorders with autism-like symptoms, including the rare Fragile X syndrome, can be traced to a specific mutation. Several ...
Neuroscience Nov 24, 2011 | 4.3 / 5 (3) | 2 |
Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have solved part of a puzzle concerning the relationship between changes in the strength of synapses the tiny gaps across which nerve cells in the brain communicate ...
Neuroscience Oct 19, 2011 | 4.7 / 5 (3) | 1 |
Researchers now have a much clearer understanding of how mutations in a single gene can produce the complex cognitive deficits characteristic of Fragile X Syndrome, the most common inherited form of intellectual disability. ...
Medical research Jul 21, 2011 | 4 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Researchers at the Epigenetics and Cancer Biology Program at IDIBELL led by Manel Esteller, ICREA researcher and professor of genetics at the University of Barcelona, have described alterations in noncoding ...
Genetics May 02, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 0
Learning, memory and habits are encoded in the strength of connections between neurons in the brain, the synapses. These connections aren't meant to be fixed, they're changeable, or plastic.
Autism spectrum disorders Feb 16, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 0
New research published Online First in The Lancet suggests that a high proportion of severe intellectual disability results from genetic causes that are not inherited. These findings are good news for parents, indicating a low ...
Genetics Sep 26, 2012 | 3 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Research from Western University and Lawson Health Research Institute sheds new light on a gene called ATRX and its function in the brain and pituitary. Children born with ATRX syndrome have cognitive defects and developmental ...
Medical research Apr 08, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
A new research discovery has the potential to revolutionize the biological understanding of some childhood psychiatric disorders. Specifically, scientists have found that when a single protein involved in brain development, ...
Medical research Oct 31, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Britain's fertility regulator says it has found broad public support for in vitro fertilization techniques that allow babies to be created with DNA from three people for couples at risk of passing on potentially fatal genetic ...
Obstetrics & gynaecology Mar 20, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 1
Researchers at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and the Achucarro neurosciences centre have discovered a new therapy for the fragile X chromosome syndrome. This new therapy proposes the modulation of the cerebral ...
Medical research Apr 10, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
(HealthDay) -- Youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are at high risk for not participating in postsecondary education or employment, particularly in the first two years after high school, according ...
Autism spectrum disorders May 14, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
A gene whose mutation results in malformed faces and skulls as well as mental retardation has been found by scientists.
Genetics Jul 05, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
Mental retardation is a generalized disorder, characterized by subaverage cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18. Once focused almost entirely on cognition, the definition now includes both a component relating to mental functioning and one relating to individuals' functional skills in their environment.
For more information about Mental retardation, read the full article at
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