Pediatrics

Growth failure in preterm infants tied to altered gut bacteria

Extremely premature infants who fail to grow as expected have delayed development of their microbiome, or communities of bacteria and other micro-organisms living in the gut, according to a new study published in Scientific ...

Medications

One step closer to chronic pain relief

Sortilin, which is a protein expressed on the surface of nerve cells, plays a crucial role in pain development in laboratory mice—and in all likelihood in humans as well. This is the main conclusion of the study "Sortilin ...

Diabetes

How the body protects itself from type 2 diabetes

A specific group of white blood cells, termed "regulatory T cells," keeps the immune system in balance and suppresses its activity to protect the body against autoimmune diseases. Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative ...

Diabetes

Newly discovered immune cell linked to type 1 diabetes

In a discovery that might be likened to finding medicine's version of the Loch Ness monster, a research team from Johns Hopkins Medicine, IBM Research and four collaborating institutions is the first to document the existence ...

Medical research

Immunotherapy and diabetes—a game of hide and seek?

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are an emerging type of cancer immunotherapy that uses the immune system to attack cancer cells. However, in some patients they cause the immune system to attack healthy cells, leading ...

Immunology

How stressed-out bacteria may trigger autoimmune response

Stressful life events most likely contribute to autoimmune diseases, but scientists don't have a deep understanding of the underlying chain of events. A study on mice published this week in mSystems suggests that the gut ...

Immunology

New compounds could be used to treat autoimmune disorders

The immune system is programmed to rid the body of biological bad guys—like viruses and dangerous bacteria—but its precision isn't guaranteed. In the tens of millions of Americans suffering from autoimmune diseases, the ...

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