Healthy diet could slow or reverse early effects of Alzheimer's disease

June 8, 2010

Patients in the early to moderate stages of Alzheimer's Disease could have their cognitive impairment slowed or even reversed by switching to a healthier diet, according to researchers at Temple University.

In a previous study, researchers led by Domenico Praticň, an associate professor of pharmacology in Temple's School of Medicine, demonstrated that a diet rich in methionine could increase the risk of developing . Methionine is an amino acid typically found in red meats, fish, beans, eggs, garlic, lentils, onions, yogurt and seeds.

"The question we asked now as a follow-up is if, for whatever reason, you had made bad choices in your diet, is there a chance you can slow down or even reverse the disease or is it too late — that there is nothing you could do," said Praticň.

As in the previous study, the researchers fed one group of mice a diet high in methionine and another group a regular, . After three months, they split the group receiving the methionine-rich diet into two, with one group continuing the amino-heavy diet while the second switched to the healthy diet for an additional two months.

"At the end of the study, when we looked at these mice, what we found — very surprisingly — was that switching to a more healthy diet reversed the that had built up over the first three months of eating the methionine-rich diet," said Praticň. "This improvement was associated with less amyloid plaques — another sign of the disease — in their brains.

Pratico said that the cognitive impairment that had been observed in the mice after three months on the methionine-rich diet was completely reversed after two months on the healthier diet, and they were now able to function normally.

"We believe this finding shows that, even if you suffer from the early effects of MCI or Alzheimer's, switching to a healthier diet that is lower in methionine could be helpful in that memory capacity could be improved," he said.

Pratico stressed that this was not a drug therapy for curing MCI or Alzheimer's, but that it did demonstrate that a lifestyle change such as diet can improve some of the impairments that have already occurred in the brain.

"What it tells us is that the brain has this plasticity to reverse a lot of the bad things that have occurred; the ability to recoup a lot of things such as memory that were apparently lost, but obviously not totally lost," he said.

Pratico also emphasized that the researchers believe that in addition to switching to a healthy , patients diagnosed with MCI or Alzheimer's also need a regiment of physical as well as mental exercises.

"This combination won't cure you, but we believe, as we saw in this study, that it will be able to slow down or even possibly reverse the effects on the cognitive impairment," he said.

More information: The study, "Normalization of hyperhomocysteinemia improves cognitive deficits and ameliorates brain amyloidosis of a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease," is being published in the Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (www.fasebj.org/).

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sstritt
4.2 / 5 (5) Jun 08, 2010
"Methionine is an amino acid typically found in red meats, fish, beans, eggs, garlic, lentils, onions, yogurt and seeds." These are all generally considered healthy foods. What does the so called "healthy diet" consist of?
magpies
Jun 08, 2010
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
stvltvs
not rated yet Jun 09, 2010
The study is on transgenic mice eating "chow", so no real advice for treating human subjects. If I understand the following article (The methionine-homocysteine cycle and its effects on cognitive diseases - Homocysteine & Cognitive), perhaps the problem is a deficiency in substances necessary for metabolizing methionine.

http://findarticl...8540119/
baudrunner
1 / 5 (1) Jun 09, 2010
I'm of the opinion that this article is bogus, in that red meats, fish, beans, eggs, garlic, lentils, onions, yogurt and seeds are healthy foods that are a normal part of everyone's diet. I think that eating too much is worse than what you eat. Almost every American eats too much food. Studies show that calorie restricted diets enhance longevity - 'nuff said.
r1d1
not rated yet Jun 10, 2010
Agree article is dubious. Methionine and its metabolic S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) enzyme dynamics/kinetics are different in "normals", Schizophrenia and affective disorders (to CO2 breath), and SAMe being responsible for much methylation (via methionine) of membranes to control fluidity (and thus regulation of receptors & channels) and methylation of many neuro-active ... See Morecompounds (eg caffeine) and endogenous neuro-transmitters -- this SAMe appears to be in the center of myriad neurochemistry regulation and associated "pathologies" --

But as SAMe does not cross the blood brain barrier, nor does it likely even get in the blood via digestion (the amino acid Methionine does both) so SAMe's use as a "commercial" treatment is dubious to begin with... but methylation is an interesting global meta regulator of much of biochemistry.
r1d1
not rated yet Jun 10, 2010
Perhaps of interest in Methionine neurochemistry through this methylation biochemistry: depressions, affective disorders and schizophrenia appear to share a common neurochemical regulatory network mechanism related to Methionine.

Methionine's end carbon does get around, even the metabolism of caffeine to theophylline to chocolate's theobromine for sadness or need of love feelings http://en.wikiped...hocolate and other Phenethylamines that are known and loved ;-)

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