Program improves health of orphans of Rwandan genocide

August 8, 2011 By Ruthann Richter
These are three of the 120 youths enrolled in a pilot program that offers mental health services to children who lost their parents in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.

Rwandan children who lived through the horrors of the 1994 genocide may suffer from psychological trauma that makes them more vulnerable to health problems, such as HIV infection. But a medical school study shows that with mental health support, these youth can reduce symptoms of trauma, avoid risky behaviors and lead healthier lives.

The study, done in collaboration with a nonprofit in Rwanda, followed the progress of 120 children, now between the ages of 15 and 25, who lost their parents during the and the years following that left nearly a million people dead and 600,000 children without parents. During the course of a year, the in the study received individual and group counseling and were paired with adult mentors who helped guide them in daily .

At the end of the year, the youth showed a significant in trauma symptoms, better coping and social functioning and as a result of less involvement in risky activities, said Annie Talbot, MD, clinical assistant professor of medicine and first author of the study.

“What we proved is that mental health intervention is linked to less risk behavior,” Talbot said. She presented the results of the study July 18 at the sixth International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention, held in Rome.

Talbot and her colleagues worked with the nonprofit Uyisenga N’Manzi, which provides housing, schooling and vocational training for some 4,000 Rwandan youngsters who were orphaned during the genocide. The pilot study, one of the few of its kind to assess children’s trauma and mental health, was designed to validate an approach that the group now expects to expand to children’s centers around the country, using a $1 million grant from the European Union, Talbot said.

At the outset of the study, the researchers questioned the randomly selected participants about their knowledge of HIV and found that 84 percent were well-educated about the disease as a result of a national HIV prevention campaign. And yet because of their past trauma, these youngsters were not likely to act on this knowledge. “Despite the fact that they are knowledgeable about HIV, they have high-risk behavior, so they don’t apply what they know to their daily lives,” Talbot said. “So while prevention education is good, for a majority of the population it has to be linked to mental health intervention.”

During the course of the study year, the participants had access to a variety of mental health services. Most went off to boarding school but returned home three times a year for “solidarity camp,” in which they talked in a group setting with trained counselors about the genocide and how it affected their lives. The participants discussed other important life issues, such as how to say no to a “Sugar Daddy,” how to manage aggression and how to deal with nightmares, Talbot said. They also could meet one-on-one with counselors.

While at school, the students would have monthly check-ins with the counseling staff. They were also given the opportunity to choose an adult mentor, a trained community member whom they could talk to anytime.

Three times during the year, the students were given self-questionnaires, standard psychological tools, to gauge their levels of post-trauma stress disorder and assess their general psychological and emotional health. Over the course of the study, their trauma symptoms declined by 11.6 percent, a statistically significant figure, Talbot said.

The participants also remained healthier. While one was found to be HIV-positive at the start of the study, none became newly infected during the course of the year. None of the 64 women in the group became pregnant during the study period.

Explore further: Health benefits of expressive writing do not apply equally across all cultures, study finds

Related Stories

Health benefits of expressive writing do not apply equally across all cultures, study finds

April 12, 2011
(PhysOrg.com) -- Freud practically invented it and Oprah has made a career out of it, but not everyone embraces talking their way to mental health. The role that culture plays in determining whether or not treatment will ...

HIV still a health concern in Canada, study says

June 6, 2011
Every eight hours, a Canadian contracts HIV.

Recommended for you

Scientists divulge latest in HIV prevention

July 25, 2017
A far cry from the 1990s "ABC" campaign promoting abstinence and monogamy as HIV protection, scientists reported on new approaches Tuesday allowing people to have all the safe sex they want.

Girl's HIV infection seems under control without AIDS drugs

July 24, 2017
A South African girl born with the AIDS virus has kept her infection suppressed for more than eight years after stopping anti-HIV medicines—more evidence that early treatment can occasionally cause a long remission that, ...

Meds by monthly injection might revolutionize HIV care (Update)

July 24, 2017
Getting a shot of medication to control HIV every month or two instead of having to take pills every day could transform the way the virus is kept at bay.

Candidate AIDS vaccine passes early test

July 24, 2017
The three-decade-old quest for an AIDS vaccine received a shot of hope Monday when developers announced that a prototype triggered the immune system in an early phase of human trials.

Paris spotlight on latest in AIDS science

July 21, 2017
Some 6,000 HIV experts gather in Paris from Sunday to report advances in AIDS science as fading hopes of finding a cure push research into new fields.

Scientists elicit broadly neutralizing antibodies to HIV in calves

July 20, 2017
Scientists supported by the National Institutes of Health have achieved a significant step forward, eliciting broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) to HIV by immunizing calves. The findings offer insights for HIV vaccine ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.