Gestational diabetes, poverty link to ADHD strengthened

Gestational diabetes, poverty link to ADHD strengthened
The previously reported association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and gestational diabetes mellitus and low socioeconomic position has been confirmed in a large German cohort, according to a research letter published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

(HealthDay)—The previously reported association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and low socioeconomic position (SEP) has been confirmed in a large German cohort, according to a research letter published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Jochen Schmitt, M.D., M.P.H., from the Technical University Dresden, and Marcel Romanos, M.D., from the University Hospital of Würzburg—both in Germany, aimed to replicate previous findings using data from the national German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents, completed by parents of 13,488 participants aged 3 to 17 years.

The researchers found that the mean age of participants was 9.9 years and 50.1 percent were female. The prevalence of ADHD, GDM, and low SEP was 4.9, 2.3, and 25.5 percent, respectively. ADHD was significantly associated with both maternal GDM (odds ratio [OR], 1.91) and low SEP (OR, 2.04). Additionally, perinatal health problems, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and atopic eczema were identified as independent risk factors for ADHD. Full breastfeeding was found to be protective, regardless of the duration. GDM and low SEP had an additive effect (observed and expected OR for middle-class children exposed to GDM, 3.47 and 2.93, respectively; observed and expected OR for lower-class children exposed to GDM, 3.68 and 3.56, respectively).

"Our study confirms the previously reported association between low SEP, maternal GDM, and ADHD and their additive interaction as risk factors for ADHD in a large population-based sample," the authors write.


Explore further

Gestational diabetes, low socioeconomic status linked with increased risk of ADHD in offspring

More information: Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Journal information: JAMA Pediatrics

Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Gestational diabetes, poverty link to ADHD strengthened (2012, September 11) retrieved 25 August 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-09-gestational-diabetes-poverty-link-adhd.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more