New drugs, diagnostic approved for advanced melanoma

(HealthDay)—Two new drugs, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib), have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat advanced melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer.

Melanoma, the leading cause of death from skin disease, is expected to be diagnosed in more than 76,000 people this year, and about 9,480 are expected to die from it, the FDA said Wednesday in a news release. Tafinlar is approved for people with an abnormality in the BRAF V600E gene, while Mekinist is approved for people with a mutation in either the BRAF V600E or V600K genes, the agency said.

A newly approved companion diagnostic, the THxID BRAF test, will help determine if a person has a mutation in either gene, the FDA said.

The most serious side effects reported in people getting Tafinlar included increased risk of a less severe form of skin cancer (cutaneous ), fever, , shaking chills, dehydration, and a rise in blood sugar, the agency said.

The most serious side effects of Mekinist included heart failure, , skin infection and loss of vision.

Both drugs also could cause infertility or harm a developing fetus, the FDA said.

Tafinlar and Mekinist are marketed by North Carolina-based GlaxoSmithKline. The THxID BRAF test is manufactured by bioMerieux, based in France.


Explore further

Research shows promising treatments against skin cancer

More information: To learn more about these approvals, visit the FDA.

Health News Copyright © 2013 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: New drugs, diagnostic approved for advanced melanoma (2013, May 29) retrieved 25 February 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-05-drugs-diagnostic-advanced-melanoma.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments