India launches indigenous vaccine for Japanese encephalitis

October 4, 2013

India on Friday launched an indigenous vaccine against Japanese encephalitis as part of a national programme to fight the virus.

Nineteen states, including the two most populous ones of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, are hit by the disease each year as succumb to the virus which is transmitted by mosquitoes from pigs to humans.

"Beginning with the first report in 1955 in Tamil Nadu state, JE virus has now spread to over 171 districts in 19 states," Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad said at the launch of the vaccine called Jenvac in New Delhi.

The two-shot vaccine was developed by government agencies and the private Bharat Biotec pharmaceutical firm in a joint venture launched in 2008.

The minister said Jenvac, which offers immunity for three years, would initially cost the government 70 rupees ($1.13) but would be supplied free of charge to the people.

He said India so far had been dependent on China for the vaccine and added that the cost of the locally-developed Jenvac would slide with the scale of production.

"We will eventually need about 10 million doses of the for comprehensive coverage," the minister said.

The virus, which normally affects aged below 15, infected adults earlier this year in the northeastern state of Assam, Azad said.

He said the cabinet has approved a 40-billion rupee national programme to combat the , which causes brain inflammation and can result in brain damage.

Symptoms include headaches, seizures and fever and health experts say 70 million children nationwide are at risk.

Explore further: Encephalitis kills at least 430 in India

Related Stories

Encephalitis kills at least 430 in India

October 15, 2011
At least 430 people, mainly children, have died from an outbreak of encephalitis in a deeply neglected region of the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, officials said on Saturday.

Indian firm unveils latest typhoid shots

August 29, 2013
An Indian pharmaceutical firm said Thursday it would soon launch the world's first vaccine against typhoid which can be given to infants, protecting the most vulnerable victims of the illness.

Israel takes polio vaccination campaign nationwide (Update)

August 11, 2013
Israel took its polio vaccination campaign nationwide on Sunday, saying a two-week vaccination effort in the south was not enough to curb the threat of an outbreak of the virus.

Officials say India close to wiping out polio

October 24, 2011
(AP) -- Health officials say there has not been a case of polio in India for nine months, the longest the country has ever been polio free.

Time to get a flu shot, CDC says

September 30, 2013
More than half of the children in the United States were vaccinated against influenza during the 2012-13 flu season, along with more than 4 in 10 adults, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Overall, ...

Brazil to test new vaccine against dengue fever

September 26, 2013
Brazilian scientists will next month begin clinical tests on humans of a new vaccine against dengue fever, a leading Sao Paulo-based biomedical research institute said Thursday.

Recommended for you

Mind-body therapies immediately reduce unmanageable pain in hospital patients

July 25, 2017
Mindfulness training and hypnotic suggestion significantly reduced acute pain experienced by hospital patients, according to a new study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Researchers report new system to study chronic hepatitis B

July 25, 2017
Scientists from Princeton University's Department of Molecular Biology have successfully tested a cell-culture system that will allow researchers to perform laboratory-based studies of long-term hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. ...

Research examines lung cell turnover as risk factor and target for treatment of influenza pneumonia

July 24, 2017
Influenza is a recurring global health threat that, according to the World Health Organization, is responsible for as many as 500,000 deaths every year, most due to influenza pneumonia, or viral pneumonia. Infection with ...

Scientists propose novel therapy to lessen risk of obesity-linked disease

July 24, 2017
With obesity related illnesses a global pandemic, researchers propose in the Journal of Clinical Investigation using a blood thinner to target molecular drivers of chronic metabolic inflammation in people eating high-fat ...

Raccoon roundworm—a hidden human parasite?

July 24, 2017
The raccoon that topples your trashcan and pillages your garden may leave more than just a mess. More likely than not, it also contaminates your yard with parasites—most notably, raccoon roundworms (Baylisascaris procyonis).

Google searches can be used to track dengue in underdeveloped countries

July 20, 2017
An analytical tool that combines Google search data with government-provided clinical data can quickly and accurately track dengue fever in less-developed countries, according to new research published in PLOS Computational ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.