Bully victims more likely to suffer night terrors and nightmares by age 12

Children who are bullied at ages 8-10 are more likely to suffer from sleep walking, night terrors or nightmares by the time they are 12 years old.

In a study published this week in Pediatrics, journal of the American Pediatric Association, Professor Dieter Wolke and Dr Suzet Tanya Lereya from the University of Warwick, found being bullied increases the risk for a category of known as parasomnias. These are sleep-related problems such as , night terrors or sleep walking.

A cohort of children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) were interviewed at elementary (8 and 10 years) about bullying experiences and then about parasomnias at secondary school age (12-13 years).

Professor Wolke, from Warwick Medical School and the Department of Psychology, said: "We found children who were bullied at age 8 or 10 years were more likely to have nightmares, night terrors, or sleepwalking at age 12 years. Moreover, those who were bullied and bullied others (bully/victims) were most likely to have any parasomnia.

"Consistent with previous studies, being a female, having persistent problems, and emotional and behaviour problems in childhood additionally increased the risk for parasomnias at age 12 years."

Dr Lereya, from the Department of Psychology, added that stress could be an important mechanism for the association between being bullied and parasomnias.

"Nightmares may occur when anxiety exceeds a threshold level and several studies have suggested that trait anxiety may be related to the frequency of parasomnias. However, even after controlling for pre-existing anxiety problems our results showed that being bullied may increase the risk for parasomnias."

The authors suggest that: "If a child is experiencing frequent parasomnias, parents, teachers, school counsellors, and clinicians may consider asking about bullying. This would allow detecting bullied and providing the help they need at an early time to reduce the negative effects of being bullied."

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More information: The study, 'Bullying and Parasomnias: A Longitudinal Cohort Study', Dieter Wolke, Suzet Tanya Lereya, is published in Pediatrics, pediatrics.aappublications.org … 09/02/peds.2014-1295
Journal information: Pediatrics

Citation: Bully victims more likely to suffer night terrors and nightmares by age 12 (2014, September 11) retrieved 18 August 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-09-bully-victims-night-terrors-nightmares.html
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