Smoking is a pain in the back

November 3, 2014, Northwestern University
Credit: Vera Kratochvil/public domain

If you want to avoid chronic back pain, put out the cigarette. A new Northwestern Medicine® study has found that smokers are three times more likely than nonsmokers to develop chronic back pain, and dropping the habit may cut your chances of developing this often debilitating condition.

"Smoking affects the brain," said Bogdan Petre, lead author of the study and a technical scientist at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. "We found that it affects the way the brain responds to back pain and seems to make individuals less resilient to an episode of pain."

This is the first evidence to link and chronic pain with the part of the brain associated with addiction and reward. The study was published online in the journal Human Brain Mapping.

The results come from a longitudinal observational study of 160 adults with new cases of back pain. At five different times throughout the course of a year they were given MRI brain scans and were asked to rate the intensity of their back pain and fill out a questionnaire which asked about and other health issues. Thirty-five healthy control participants and 32 participants with were similarly monitored.

Scientists analyzed MRI activity between two brain areas (nucleus accumbens and , NAc-mPFC), which are involved in addictive behavior, and motivated learning. This circuitry is critical in development of chronic pain, the scientists found.

These two regions of the brain "talk" to one another and scientists discovered that the strength of that connection helps determine who will become a chronic pain patient. By showing how a part of the brain involved in motivated learning allows tobacco addiction to interface with pain chronification, the findings hint at a potentially more general link between addiction and pain.

"That circuit was very strong and active in the brain's of smokers," Petre said. "But we saw a dramatic drop in this circuit's activity in smokers who—of their own will—quit smoking during the study, so when they stopped smoking, their vulnerably to chronic pain also decreased."

Medication, such as anti-inflammatory drugs, did help study participants manage pain, but it didn't change the activity of the brain circuitry. In the future, behavioral interventions, such as smoking cessation programs, could be used to manipulate mechanisms as an effective strategy for prevention and relief.

Explore further: Fibromyalgia and the role of brain connectivity in pain inhibition

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big_hairy_jimbo
not rated yet Nov 03, 2014
There should be FAR MORE studies done on smokers.
Smokers (I used to be one), intentionally poison themselves despite developing illness and disease. What better subjects to study the effects of long term poisoning than smokers!!!!

I experienced an acute Rheumatoid Arthritis condition at one point, and smoking would ramp up the pain a million fold within seconds of inhalation. Consequently I have up smoking!!!!!
I also found nicotine patches did the same, but the pain would take up to 10 minutes to develop. Then muscles would cramp up getting tighter and tighter. So this article comes as no surprise to me!!!!!

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