Sobering effect of the love hormone (w/ Video)

Oxytocin, sometimes referred to as the 'love' or 'cuddle' hormone, has a legendary status in popular culture due to its vital role in social and sexual behaviour and long-term bonding.

Now researchers from the University of Sydney and the University of Regensburg have discovered it also has a remarkable influence on the intoxicating effect of , which they report in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on 24 February.

When the researchers infused into the brains of rats which were then given alcohol it prevented the drunken lack of coordination caused by the alcohol.

"In the rat equivalent of a sobriety test, the rats given alcohol and oxytocin passed with flying colours, while those given alcohol without oxytocin were seriously impaired," Dr Bowen said.

The researchers demonstrated that oxytocin prevents alcohol from accessing specific sites in the that cause alcohol's intoxicating effects, sites known as delta-subunit GABA-A receptors.

"Alcohol impairs your coordination by inhibiting the activity of brain regions that provide fine motor control. Oxytocin prevents this effect to the point where we can't tell from their behaviour that the rats are actually drunk. It's a truly remarkable effect," Dr Bowen said.

This 'sobering-up' effect of oxytocin has yet to be shown in humans but the researchers plan to conduct these studies in the near future.

"The first step will be to ensure we have a method of drug delivery for humans that allows sufficient amounts of oxytocin to reach the brain. If we can do that, we suspect that oxytocin could also leave speech and cognition much less impaired after relatively high levels of alcohol consumption," Dr Bowen said.

Credit: University of Sydney/University of Regensburg

It's worth noting that oxytocin can't save you from being arrested while driving home from the pub.

"While oxytocin might reduce your level of intoxication, it won't actually change your ," Dr Bowen said. "This is because the oxytocin is preventing the alcohol from accessing the sites in the brain that make you intoxicated, it is not causing the alcohol to leave your system any faster".

Some people might worry a drug which decreases your level of intoxication could encourage you to drink more. As it turns out, separate experiments conducted by the researchers and other groups have shown that taking oxytocin actually reduces alcohol consumption and craving in both rats and humans.

"We believe that the effects of oxytocin on and craving act through a similar mechanism in the brain to the one identified in our research," said Dr Bowen.

Their findings could see the development of new oxytocin-based treatments for alcohol-use disorders that target this mechanism.


Explore further

Research duo question whether oxytocin really can be used to treat autism

More information: PNAS www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1416900112
Provided by University of Sydney
Citation: Sobering effect of the love hormone (w/ Video) (2015, February 23) retrieved 25 March 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-02-sobering-effect-hormone-video.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
114 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Mar 16, 2015
In my view, this is oxytocin acting in its original functionalities such as water regulation rather than with its evolved social functions like social prominence, generosity, and trust.

http://surfaceyou...ealself/

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more