Playing music by professional musicians activates genes for learning and memory

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Although music perception and practice are well preserved in human evolution, the biological determinants of music practice are largely unknown. According to a latest study, music performance by professional musicians enhanced the activity of genes involved in dopaminergic neurotransmission, motor behavior, learning and memory. Interestingly, several of those up-regulated genes were also known to be responsible for song production in songbirds, which suggests a potential evolutionary conservation in sound perception and production across species.

Music performance is known to induce structural and functional changes to the human brain and enhance cognition. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying have been so far unexplored. A Finnish research group has now investigated the effect of music performance (in a 2 hr concert) on the of professional musicians from Tapiola Sinfonietta (a professional orchestra) and Sibelius-Academy (a music university).

Playing music enhanced the activity of genes involved in dopaminergic neurotransmission, motor function, learning and memory. Some of the up-regulated genes like SNCA, FOS and DUSP1 are known to contribute to song perception and production in songbirds suggesting a potential evolutionary conservation in related to sound production across species.

In addition, several of the up-regulated genes are known to be involved in biological pathways like calcium ion homeostasis and iron ion homeostasis that are essential for neuronal function, survival and neuroprotection.

"The findings provide a valuable background for molecular studies of and evolution, and music therapy", says the leader of the study, Dr. Irma Järvelä from the University of Helsinki.


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More information: "The effect of music performance on the transcriptome of professional musicians" Scientific Reports, 2015.
Provided by University of Helsinki
Citation: Playing music by professional musicians activates genes for learning and memory (2015, March 27) retrieved 25 March 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-03-music-professional-musicians-genes-memory.html
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Mar 30, 2015
Very interesting article and input, as one of my informal quest on how genes learn and express and its relationship at macro level as our outward behaviours; for few days i have been disturbed by this advt. song of gana gana of gana.com which has so strongly gone into mind but not able to reproduce it a motivation dopamine pathway and last night was working full on composing writing poem with suitable words an unfinished work...

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