Quitting smoking during pregnancy: Beneficial for both mother and child

Pregnancy
Pregnancy test. Credit: public domain

The results of a study conducted by Dr. Anick Bérard, Professor and Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé Research Chair on Medications and Pregnancy, at the University of Montreal's Faculty of Pharmacy and the Ste-Justine University Hospital demonstrate that the use of nicotine patches or the drug Zyban has positive effects for the unborn child and allows pregnant women to stop smoking during and after pregnancy.

The results of the study, published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, indicate that in 80% of cases, women who used or the drug Zyban successively quit . Even after stopping the use of these products, 60% of Zyban users and 68% of women using nicotine patches did not restart smoking during or after .

"In public health terms, these results are significant because one in five pregnant women smokes. We already know that smoking during pregnancy increases the chances of miscarriage as well as low birth weight, premature birth, and birth defects - events that are linked to health problems in children. The results we are publishing today will give evidence-based options to quit smoking, but will also give data to health care professionals for them to prescribe the right treatment while evaluating the risks and benefits associated with each pharmacological method," said Dr. Bérard, principal investigator of the study.

Furthermore, the results indicate that the use of nicotine patches reduces the risk of premature birth and low birth weight.

"We already knew that quitting smoking during pregnancy was beneficial for mothers and children in the short and long term, but, to our knowledge, this study is one of a few to compare the effects of using nicotine patches and the drug Zyban during pregnancy on smoking cessation and the risks to the fetus. Our results are directly in-line with smoking cessation programs implemented in the general population," said Bérard.


Explore further

Nicotine exposure during pregnancy nearly twice as high as reported

More information: Anick Bérard et al, Success of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2016). DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.06.059
Citation: Quitting smoking during pregnancy: Beneficial for both mother and child (2016, July 19) retrieved 18 September 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-07-pregnancy-beneficial-mother-child.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
0 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more