Team recommends shared decision-making in treating adult sinusitis

In an article in the New England Journal of Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center's Distinguished Professor and Chair of Otolaryngology Richard M. Rosenfeld, MD, MPH, recommends a process of shared decision-making between physicians and patients in the treatment of adult sinusitis.

The article is a pragmatic, evidence-based approach to best practice in treating in adults. Notable aspects are (a) a diagnostic flowchart for physician use that facilitates accurate diagnosis of bacterial sinus infections using only history and , and (b) an emphasis on symptomatic treatment of sinus infections, minimizing antibiotic use, even when the sinusitis is likely caused by bacteria.

In the article, Dr. Rosenfeld notes that is classified according to presumed cause as either acute bacterial sinusitis or acute viral sinusitis. Although up to 90% of patients with viral upper respiratory tract infections have concurrent acute viral sinusitis, only 0.5 to 2.0% have sinusitis that progresses to acute bacterial sinusitis.

Nonetheless, antibiotics are prescribed for 84 to 91% of patients with acute sinusitis that is diagnosed in emergency departments and outpatient settings, a discrepancy that relates, in part, to patient expectations regarding antibiotic therapy and to an inconsistency between clinical guidelines and antibiotic-prescribing patterns.

Dr. Rosenfeld recommends that physicians should engage in shared decision-making with to determine whether to prescribe an immediate course of antibiotics or if a period of "watchful waiting" should be pursued. If watchful waiting is chosen, the patient may be given a "safety-net" or "wait-and-see" prescription for an antibiotic to use if the illness worsens at any time or if the symptoms do not decrease within seven days. The patient should be advised to contact the physician if the symptoms have not decreased by that time or if symptoms worsen at any point.

The article is entitled "Acute Sinusitis in Adults"; N Engl J Med 2016;375:962-70.


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AAO-HNSF updated clinical practice guideline: Adult sinusitis

More information: Caren G. Solomon et al, Acute Sinusitis in Adults, New England Journal of Medicine (2016). DOI: 10.1056/NEJMcp1601749
Journal information: New England Journal of Medicine

Provided by SUNY Downstate Medical Center
Citation: Team recommends shared decision-making in treating adult sinusitis (2016, September 7) retrieved 5 March 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-09-team-decision-making-adult-sinusitis.html
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