Dietary factors linked to risk of acute pancreatitis

January 30, 2017

(HealthDay)—Dietary factors are associated with pancreatitis, with saturated fat and cholesterol positively linked to gallstone-related acute pancreatitis (AP), according to a study published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Veronica Wendy Setiawan, Ph.D., from the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, and colleagues conducted a prospective analysis of 145,886 African-Americans, Native Hawaiians, Japanese-Americans, Latinos, and whites to characterize dietary factors associated with risk of pancreatitis. Patients were classified as having gallstone-related AP, AP not related to , or recurrent AP or suspected chronic pancreatitis (1,210, 1,222, and 378 patients, respectively).

The researchers observed positive correlations for dietary intakes of saturated fat (P trend = 0.0011) and cholesterol (P trend = 0.0008) and their food sources, including red meat (P trend < 0.0001) and eggs (P trend = 0.0052), with gallstone-related AP. There was an inverse association for fiber intake with gallstone-related AP (P trend = 0.0005) and AP not related to gallstones (P trend = 0.0035). There was an inverse association for vitamin D, mainly from milk, with gallstone-related AP (P trend = 0.0015), while coffee intake was protective for AP not related to gallstones (P < 0.0001). No dietary factors other than were associated with recurrent acute or suspected .

"Dietary fiber protected against AP related and unrelated to gallstones," the authors write. "Coffee drinking protected against AP not associated with gallstones."

Explore further: Gallstone disease may increase heart disease risk

More information: Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Gallstone disease may increase heart disease risk

August 18, 2016
A history of gallstone disease may increase your risk of coronary heart disease, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology.

Pancreatitis often caused by gallstones—also statins increase risk

December 7, 2015
Idiopathic pancreatitis is often caused by small gallstones that are difficult to observe prior to surgery, shows a study from the University of Eastern Finland. Small gallstones were found in surgery from two out of three ...

Higher BMI increases risk of gallstones, especially in women

July 11, 2013
New research reveals a causal association between elevated body mass index (BMI) and increased risk of gallstone disease. Results published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, ...

Study finds obese youth have significantly higher risk of gallstones

August 24, 2012
Children who are overweight or obese face an increased risk for gallstones, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition.

Recommended for you

Anxious women may want to keep an eye on their bone health

May 18, 2018
(HealthDay)—As if older women didn't already worry enough about their bone health, new research suggests that anxiety may up their risk for fractures.

New strategy to cure chronic hepatitis B infection

May 18, 2018
Scientists from Karolinska Institutet and Hannover Medical School have published two studies that provide insights into how the immune system responds and helps to clear a hepatitis B infection after treatment interruption. ...

Blood type affects severity of diarrhea caused by E. coli

May 17, 2018
A new study shows that a kind of E. coli most associated with "travelers' diarrhea" and children in underdeveloped areas of the world causes more severe disease in people with blood type A.

Resistance to antifungal drugs could lead to disease and global food shortages

May 17, 2018
Growing levels of resistance to antifungal treatments could lead to increased disease outbreaks and affect food security around the world.

Pig immunology comes of age: Killer T cell responses to influenza

May 17, 2018
Researchers from The Pirbright Institute, University of Bristol, Cardiff University and University of Oxford have generated tools that allow scientists to understand a vital area of the pig immune system which was previously ...

How intestinal worms hinder tuberculosis vaccination

May 17, 2018
New research in mice suggests that chronic infection with intestinal worms indirectly reduces the number of cells in lymph nodes near the skin, inhibiting the immune system's response to the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.