Similar metabolic response to animal, plant protein diets

February 13, 2017

(HealthDay)—For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), isocaloric diets high in animal protein (AP) or plant protein (PP) are associated with similar improvements in metabolism and cardiovascular risk factors, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

Stephanie Sucher, from the German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke in Nuthetal, and colleagues compared diets differing in amino acid composition in 44 patients with T2DM. Isocaloric diets containing 30 percent of energy as AP or PP, combined with 30 percent fat and 40 percent carbohydrates, were compared in a randomized parallel group study.

The researchers observed significant decreases in uric acid in both groups, but significantly more in AP versus PP. There were significant improvements in hemoglobin A1c, diastolic blood pressure, and fasting non-esterified fatty acids in PP but not AP. There were significant improvements in AP but not PP for insulin sensitivity, C-reactive protein, and fasting glucose. In both groups, total and decreased significantly, and there was a decrease from baseline in urinary albumin excretion rate in microalbuminuric subjects.

"Isocaloric diets high in animal or allow similar improvements of metabolism and in T2DM patients indicating that the differences in do not affect the metabolic responses to the interventions," the authors write.

Explore further: Gemigliptin, metformin combo beats monotherapy in T2DM

More information: Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Gemigliptin, metformin combo beats monotherapy in T2DM

September 20, 2016
(HealthDay)—Gemigliptin combined with metformin is superior to monotherapy with either drug for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a study published online Sept. 13 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

Adipose tissue insulin resistance up in obese-NGT, IGT, T2DM

January 9, 2017
(HealthDay)—Resistance to the antilipolytic effect of insulin (Adipo-IR) is increased in obese individuals with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), and in those with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM), ...

Review: Yoga benefits patients with type 2 diabetes

July 12, 2016
(HealthDay)—Yoga benefits adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a review published online July 1 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

Diabetes weight loss diets improve emotional measures

April 10, 2016
(HealthDay)—Among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), weight loss diets, regardless of composition, improve psychological measures, including depression, mood, and quality of life, according to a study published ...

Very low carbohydrate diet beneficial for obese with T2DM

August 5, 2014
(HealthDay)—For obese adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a very low carbohydrate diet is associated with greater improvements in glycemic control and cardiovascular risk markers than an energy-matched high unrefined ...

High protein diets, from both animal and plant sources, improve blood sugar control in diabetic patients

September 17, 2015
New research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) shows that high protein diets improve blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes without any adverse ...

Recommended for you

Researchers discovered a new mechanism of action in a first-line drug for diabetes

October 23, 2018
For decades, metformin has been the first-line drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, lowering blood glucose levels by inhibiting glucose production in the liver. Metformin also improves glucose uptake and use by muscle ...

Moderate exercise before conception resulted in lower body weight, increased insulin sensitivity of offspring

October 22, 2018
Men who want to have children in the near future should consider hitting the gym.

A novel insulin accelerant

October 17, 2018
Insulin levels rise after eating a meal, signaling uptake of circulating glucose by skeletal muscle. In individuals with diabetes this process is often impaired—a condition known as insulin resistance.

Fat tissue may play a crucial role in the progression of diabetes, challenging long established notions

October 12, 2018
A new study by Australian researchers, out today, is challenging what we know about the causes of diabetes. The new research points to fat tissue as a source of disease, and widens our understanding beyond the traditional ...

Does breastfeeding hormone protect against type 2 diabetes?

October 12, 2018
(HealthDay)—The hormone prolactin—most commonly associated with breastfeeding—may play a role in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes, a new study suggests.

Planned intermittent fasting may help reverse type 2 diabetes, suggest doctors

October 10, 2018
Planned intermittent fasting may help to reverse type 2 diabetes, suggest doctors writing in the journal BMJ Case Reports after three patients in their care, who did this, were able to cut out the need for insulin treatment ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.