Fresh fruit consumption linked to lower risk of diabetes and diabetic complications

April 11, 2017, Public Library of Science

In a research article published in PLOS Medicine, Huaidong Du of the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom and colleagues report that greater consumption of fresh fruit was associated with a lower incidence of diabetes, as well as reduced occurrence of complications in people with diabetes, in a Chinese population.

Although the of diets including and vegetables are well established, the sugar content of fruit has led to uncertainty about associated risks of and of vascular complications of the disease. Du and colleagues studied nearly 500,000 people participating in the China Kadoorie Biobank over about 7 years of follow-up, documenting new cases of diabetes and recording the occurrence of vascular disease and death in people with pre-existing diabetes.

The researchers found that people who reported elevated consumption of fresh fruit had a lower associated risk of developing diabetes in comparison with other participants (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.88, 95% CI 0.83-0.93), which corresponds to an estimated 0.2% reduction in the absolute risk of diabetes over 5 years. In people with diabetes, higher consumption of fresh fruit was associated with a lower risk of mortality (aHR 0.83, 95% CI 0.74-0.93 per 100g fruit/d), corresponding to an absolute decrease in risk of 1.9% at 5 years, and with lower risks of microvascular and macrovascular complications.

In addition to the health benefits of consuming fresh fruit, Du and colleagues emphasize the value of their findings for Asian populations where is commonly restricted in people with diabetes. The main limitation of this observational study is that the effects of fruit consumption can be difficult to distinguish from those of participants' other dietary and behavioural characteristics.

Explore further: Fresh fruit associated with lower risk of heart attack and stroke

More information: Du H, Li L, Bennett D, Guo Y, Turnbull I, Yang L, et al. (2017) Fresh fruit consumption in relation to incident diabetes and diabetic vascular complications: A 7-y prospective study of 0.5 million Chinese adults. PLoS Med 14(4): e1002279. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002279

Related Stories

Fresh fruit associated with lower risk of heart attack and stroke

April 6, 2016
People who eat fresh fruit on most days are at lower risk of heart attack and stroke than people who rarely eat fresh fruit, according to new research published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine. The findings ...

Some veggies each day keeps the stress blues away

March 15, 2017
Published today in the British Medical Journal Open, the longitudinal study of more than 60,000 Australians aged 45 years and above measured participants fruit and vegetable consumption, lifestyle factors and psychological ...

Fruit consumption cuts CVD risk by up to 40 percent

September 1, 2014
Daily fruit consumption cuts the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) by up to 40%, according to research presented at ESC Congress today by Dr Huaidong Du from Oxford, UK. The findings from the seven year follow-up study ...

High fruit consumption not linked to gestational diabetes

March 29, 2012
(HealthDay) -- Higher consumption of whole fruits prior to pregnancy is not associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and the association between fruit juice consumption and GDM appears to be ...

Fruit juice for kids: A serving a day OK

March 23, 2017
(HealthDay)—Pediatricians have long suggested that fruit juice may prompt weight gain in children, but a new review finds it harmless when consumed in moderation.

Researchers find link between blueberries, grapes and apples and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes

August 29, 2013
Eating more whole fruits, particularly blueberries, grapes and apples, is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, with greater fruit juice consumption having an adverse effect, a paper published today in BMJ suggests.

Recommended for you

Implantable islet cells come with their own oxygen supply

April 25, 2018
Since the 1960s, researchers have been interested in the possibility of treating type 1 diabetes by transplanting islet cells—the pancreatic cells that are responsible for producing insulin when blood glucose concentration ...

Study shows drug effectiveness in reducing glucocorticoid-induced bone loss

April 25, 2018
About one in every 100 people in the world takes glucocorticoids long term to treat immune-mediated diseases. However, glucocorticoids, such as prednisone, have a side effect—they induce the bone loss called osteoporosis, ...

Bariatric surgery successes lead to type 2 diabetes treatment

April 24, 2018
Bariatric surgery has long yielded almost immediate health benefits for patients with type 2 diabetes, and new findings on the reasons for remission may be the key to developing drug alternatives to surgery.

Hacking human 'drug trafficking' network could make diabetes treatments more effective

April 23, 2018
Making tiny changes to existing diabetes treatments can alter how they interact with cells, and potentially make the medicines more effective.

Vitamin D deficiency linked to greater risk of diabetes

April 19, 2018
An epidemiological study conducted by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Seoul National University suggests that persons deficient in vitamin D may be at much greater risk of developing ...

One class of drug used to treat type 2 diabetes may not reduce the risk of death when compared with placebo

April 17, 2018
One class of drug used to treat type 2 diabetes may not reduce the risk of death when compared with placebo, suggests new findings.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.