Improving care of patients with traumatic brain injury in low- and middle-income countries

July 17, 2017, University of Cambridge

A new research group focused on improving the care of patients with traumatic brain injury in low- and middle-income countries has been established at the University of Cambridge.

Over 3,400 people die on the world's roads every day and tens of millions of people are injured or disabled every year. Approximately half of these deaths are a result of (TBI). This is in addition to other causes, such as falls and violence. Over the past 20 years there have been major gains in the management of TBI in the UK and other high income countries (HICs) and there is now an urgency to address the increasing burden of TBI in low and (LMICs).

The Department of Health last week announced that 33 research units and groups will receive over £120 million of funding for Global Health Research after a successful open research competition led by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). Amongst these, the Division of Neurosurgery at the University of Cambridge and Addenbrooke's Hospital has been funded with £1.78 million in order to establish the NIHR Global Health Research Group on Neurotrauma. The Group will also benefit from the expertise of investigators from the Division of Anaesthesia, Institute of Public Health, and Department of Engineering, as well as a close working relationship with Addenbrooke's Abroad. The Group will focus on interrogating the patient pathway and implementing strategies to improve the prevention, investigation, treatment and outcome of head-injured patients in LMICs.

The Group's director, Peter Hutchinson - Professor of Neurosurgery at the University of Cambridge, said: "We are very excited for the opportunity to work with our colleagues and other partners in several LMICs in order to establish the Global Health Research Group on Neurotrauma. In addition, our strong partnerships with the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies, the Society of British Neurological Surgeons, and the Headway charity, will allow us to further the Group's objectives."

The Group's co-director, David Menon - Professor of Anaesthesia at the University of Cambridge, said: "The new Group will dovetail well with the 'International Initiative for Traumatic Brain Injury Research', an initiative where the Cambridge Acute Brain Injury programme already plays a leading role. We believe that knowledge exchange, in the course of the Group's work, will benefit head-injured patients in LMICs but also HICs."

The Group's trainee co-lead, Angelos Kolias - Clinical Lecturer in Neurosurgery at the University of Cambridge, said: "A particularly important function of the Group will be the training of a cohort of young clinicians from the UK and the partner LMICs in global neurotrauma research, which has been made possible by this award. Developing the next generation of research leaders is critical for the Group's long-lasting success."

Explore further: Craniectomy after head injury reduces risk of death from brain swelling

Related Stories

Craniectomy after head injury reduces risk of death from brain swelling

September 8, 2016
Craniectomy – a surgical procedure in which part of the skull is removed to relieve brain swelling – significantly reduces the risk of death following traumatic brain injury, an international study led by the University ...

New study shows GFAP and UCH-L1 are not useful biomarkers for diagnosing mild traumatic brain injury

February 7, 2017
In patients who suffered acute orthopedic injuries, two proposed biomarkers for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) were not able to distinguish between patients who did or did not have mTBI. Relying on elevated levels of ...

Harmful alcohol use linked with increased risk of alcohol-related cancers and injury

September 17, 2015
A new study of alcohol use in countries of all income levels shows that current use increases the risk of alcohol-related cancers and injury, with no reduction in risk of mortality or cardiovascular disease overall. The research, ...

Majority of hardest hit populations excluded from trauma research

February 21, 2014
New study reveals just over 12 percent of traumatic stress studies published in 2012 were conducted in low-to-middle income countries (LMICs), where 83 percent of the world's population lives, and where risk of experiencing ...

New MRI technique helps clinicians better predict outcomes following mild traumatic brain injury

September 17, 2014
Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), a specialized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that detects microstructural changes in brain tissue, can help physicians better predict the likelihood for poor clinical outcomes following ...

Heart failure is a substantial health burden in low- and middle-income countries

August 12, 2014
Heart failure is a major public health burden in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), with substantial variation in the presentation, causes, management, and outcomes of heart failure across different LMICs, according ...

Recommended for you

Sensitive babies become altruistic toddlers

September 25, 2018
Our responsiveness to seeing others in distress accounts for variability in helping behavior from early in development, according to a study published September 25 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Tobias Grossmann ...

Immune cell pruning of dopamine receptors may modulate behavioral changes in adolescence

September 25, 2018
A study by MassGeneral Hospital for Children (MGHfC) researchers finds that the immune cells of the brain called microglia play a crucial role in brain development during adolescence, but that role is different in males and ...

Scientists reverse a sensory impairment in mice with autism

September 25, 2018
Using a genetic technique that allows certain neurons in the brain to be switched on or off, UCLA scientists reversed a sensory impairment in mice with symptoms of autism, enabling them to learn a sensory task as quickly ...

Why it doesn't get dark when you blink

September 25, 2018
People blink every five seconds. During this brief moment, no light falls on the retina, yet people continue to observe a stable picture of the environment with no intervals of darkness. Caspar Schwiedrzik and Sandrin Sudmann, ...

Researchers identify new cause of brain bleeds

September 25, 2018
A team of researchers including UCI project scientist Rachita Sumbria, Ph.D. and UCI neurologist Mark J. Fisher, MD have provided, for the first time, evidence that blood deposits in the brain may not require a blood vessel ...

Lung inflammation from childhood asthma linked with later anxiety

September 25, 2018
Persistent lung inflammation may be one possible explanation for why having asthma during childhood increases your risk for developing anxiety later in life, according to Penn State researchers.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.