Risk of suicide attempts in army units with history of suicide attempts

July 26, 2017, The JAMA Network Journals
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Does a previous suicide attempt in a soldier's U.S. Army unit increase the risk of other suicide attempts?

A new study published by JAMA Psychiatry by Robert J. Ursano, M.D., of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Md., and coauthors explores that question.

The authors used administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS) and identified records for all active-duty, regular U.S. Army, enlisted soldiers who attempted from 2004 through 2009. There were 9,512 enlisted soldiers in the final sample who attempted suicide.

Soldiers were more likely to attempt suicide if one or more suicide attempts had occurred in their unit during the past year and those odds increased as the number of suicide attempts in a unit increased, according to the results. Also, soldiers in a unit with five or more suicide attempts in the past year had more than twice the odds of than soldiers in a unit with no previous suicide attempts.

The study acknowledges limitations, including that data are subject to diagnostic or coding errors. Also, the data focus on the 2004 through 2009 period and the findings may not be generalizable to earlier and later periods of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars or to other U.S. military conflicts.

"Our study indicates that risk of SA [suicide attempt] among U.S. Army soldiers is influenced by a history of SAs within a 's unit and that higher numbers of unit SAs are related to greater individual suicide risk, particularly in smaller units. ... Early unit-based postvention consisting of coordinated efforts to provide behavioral, psychosocial, spiritual and public health support after SAs may be an essential tool in promoting recovery and in service members," the article concludes.

Explore further: What are the timing and risk factors for suicide attempts in the army?

More information: JAMA Psychiatry (2017). doi:10.1001/ jamapsychiatry.2017.1925

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2 comments

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BubbaNicholson
1 / 5 (2) Jul 26, 2017
Suicidal ideation and "SA" can be rapidly diminished by providing healthy adult male facial skin surface lipid pheromone to all personnel.
The skin surface lipid pheromone's vapor causes human pheromone induced aversion: distrust, suspicion, superstition, arrogance, incompetence, and jealousy. Jealousy is the nearly inevitable consequence of pheromone therapy in osculation partners as they non-consciously "taste" the pheromone on the treated person's saliva. Treated people should be isolated from kissing for 40 days after pheromone treatment.
Use respirators, barrier pack pheromone with activated charcoal dunnage, use oscillating fans to break up plumes of effective concentration of the airborne evaporation vapor from the skin surface lipid pheromone.
Captain Stumpy
not rated yet Jul 28, 2017
@fraudulent lying pseudoscience illiterate bubba
The skin surface lipid pheromone's vapor causes....Treated people should be isolated from kissing for 40 days...
absolute bullsh*t
not only did you not comprehend the study at all, but you also don't know jack sh*t about the military

please refrain from demonstrations of abject stupidity as your predatory nonsensical stupidity has no bearing on reality whatsoever

you can't even validate what pheromones in humans are, let alone prove a single comment you've made to date

you do understand that repeating your lies don't make them suddenly more true, right?

or do you?

reported for fraud

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