AAP: hep B vaccine to be given within first 24 hours of life

August 29, 2017

(HealthDay)—The first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life, according to an American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement published online Aug. 28 in Pediatrics.

Noting that about 1,000 new cases of perinatal hepatitis B infection are identified annually in the United States, researchers from the AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases and Committee on Fetus and Newborn issued recommendations for the prevention of perinatal hepatitis B.

To ensure administration of appropriate postexposure immunoprophylaxis with hepatitis B vaccine and immune globulin, prevention of perinatal hepatitis B relies on the proper and timely identification of born to mothers who are hepatitis B surface antigen positive and to mothers with unknown status. The AAP supports removal of permissive language for delaying the birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine and, for all medically stable infants weighing greater than or equal to 2,000 g, endorse the recommendation for giving the birth vaccine within the first 24 hours of life in order to further reduce the incidence of perinatal hepatitis B transmission.

"After completion of a three- or four-dose B series, 98 percent of healthy term infants achieve protective antibody concentrations," the authors write.

Explore further: Follow-up lacking for babies after hepatitis B vaccination: CDC

More information: Abstract/Full Text

Related Stories

Follow-up lacking for babies after hepatitis B vaccination: CDC

September 27, 2012
(HealthDay)—Many U.S. babies born to mothers infected with hepatitis B do not receive recommended follow-up testing after vaccination, a new study finds.

Study shows universal vaccination has wiped out hepatitis B and associated liver cancer in Alaska's young people

August 10, 2017
Updated research presented at this year's World Indigenous Peoples' Conference on Viral Hepatitis in Anchorage, Alaska, USA (8-9 August) shows that the universal hepatitis B vaccination programme introduced for all newborn ...

Cases of hepatitis B and C hit 325 million: WHO

April 21, 2017
An estimated 325 million people are living with hepatitis B or C and few are aware of their condition, with death tolls from the viruses rising, the UN said Friday.

Prophylaxis strategy prevents perinatal HBV transmission

May 28, 2014
(HealthDay)—Prenatal screening followed by immunoprophylaxis for infants of mothers with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection decreases perinatal transmission, according to research published online May 27 in the Annals ...

Drug for one hepatitis type may activate another: watchdog

December 2, 2016
Drugs against one type of hepatitis may activate another, sometimes with fatal consequences, Europe's medicines watchdog warned on Friday.

Hepatitis A vaccination in children under two remains effective for ten years

August 9, 2012
Vaccination against the hepatitis A virus (HAV) in children two years of age and younger remains effective for at least ten years, according to new research available in the August issue of Hepatology, a journal of the American ...

Recommended for you

Genetic determinants of telomere length in African American youth

September 25, 2018
Telomeres are DNA-protein structures that play a vital role in maintaining DNA stability and integrity. Telomere length (TL) is an important biomarker of aging and overall health, but TL has been mostly studied in adult populations ...

Baby sleeping in the parental bedroom not related to later behavioural problems

September 25, 2018
Sleeping in the parental bedroom as a baby is not related to sleeping problems or behavioural problems later in life. Moreover, there are indications that room-sharing may even be related to positive outcomes, such as improved ...

Method identified to reduce risk of brain damage in leukemia survivors

September 25, 2018
Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are at an extremely high risk of sepsis compared to the general population. In the first-published study of its kind, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have ...

Newborn jaundice treatment may increase risk of childhood seizures

September 25, 2018
New research suggests that phototherapy – a treatment for newborns with jaundice – could increase children's risk of developing epilepsy. The finding raises concerns about babies being given the treatment when it's not ...

Exposure to farmyard bugs reduces immune overreaction found in childhood asthma

September 24, 2018
Treating new born mice with farmyard microbes reduces wheezing and inflammation in the airways, by 'taming' their immune systems.

Stepfathers' 'Cinderella effect' challenged by new study

September 24, 2018
Long-held assumptions that stepfathers are far more likely to be responsible for child deaths than genetic parents have been challenged by researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA).

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.