Conjunctivitis prevalence higher for adult women than men

Conjunctivitis prevalence higher for adult women than men

(HealthDay)—Adult women have a higher prevalence of conjunctivitis than men, and cases peak in the spring, according to a research letter published online Sept. 14 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

David A. Ramirez, from the University of California in San Francisco, and colleagues calculated national estimates of encounters with a primary diagnosis of acute , and estimated the incidence of conjunctivitis diagnosed in the using population figures from the 2010 U.S. decennial census as the denominator.

From 2010 through 2013, 555,740 encounters in U.S. emergency departments that resulted in a primary diagnosis of conjunctivitis were identified. The researchers found that there was a bimodal distribution of conjunctivitis diagnosed in the emergency department, with the highest rates in children younger than 7 years and a minor mode in early adulthood. When the analysis was restricted to individuals age 18 years and older, conjunctivitis was more common among women, with a minor mode seen in women and men at ages 22 and 28 years, respectively. Among all ages, conjunctivitis cases had significant seasonality; children aged 0 to 4 years had a peak in conjunctivitis presentations in March, while other age groups had a peak in May.

"We believe caregiver proximity to young likely explains the peak of conjunctivitis in but cannot prove this hypothesis from our data," the authors write.

Explore further

Diabetes linked to increased incidence of conjunctivitis

More information: Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Journal information: JAMA Ophthalmology

Copyright © 2017 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Conjunctivitis prevalence higher for adult women than men (2017, September 15) retrieved 19 October 2019 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more