Acute kidney failure with VTE proves difficult to treat

Researchers from the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center conducted a prospective, observational study to assess the impact that weight and renal function have on venous thromboembolism (VTE) rates among in-patients receiving prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight or unfractionated heparin.

Between September 2009 and 2011, 6599 patients were admitted to the hospital for at least two days. The mean age and (BMI) were 54.6 and 28.5, respectively. Among those who developed VTE, 165 (71.1%) were diagnosed during admission, 27 (11.7%) within 30 days, and 7.2% between 30 and 90 days after admission.

They concluded that a person's body mass index (BMI) was not related to VTE rates, but did have an impact. Creatinine clearance was not associated with VTE rates when unfractionated heparins or low-molecular weight heparins were given, but patients with acute kidney injury had higher VTE rates, even in the presence of prophylaxis.

"Current unfractionated and low-molecular-weight heparin dosing in the presence of may not be sufficient to prevent VTE," warns lead researcher Dr. Aaron Holley, "future studies need to address the optimal dosing of heparins in these cases."

Further results from this study will be shared at the CHEST Annual Meeting 2017 in Toronto on Tuesday, October 31, 11:30 AM-11:45 AM at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, Room 606. The study abstract can be viewed on the journal CHEST website.


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More information: Michael McMahon et al, Heparin Prophylaxis Does Not Prevent VTE in the Presence of Acute Kidney Injury, Chest (2017). DOI: 10.1016/j.chest.2017.08.1078
Journal information: Chest

Citation: Acute kidney failure with VTE proves difficult to treat (2017, October 23) retrieved 13 December 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2017-10-acute-kidney-failure-vte-difficult.html
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