Switching chemo on and off to reduce side effects

March 8, 2018, Freshscience
Kathryn Palasis synthesising the anti-cancer drug in the lab. Credit: University of Adelaide

A new anti-cancer drug that could be switched 'on' and 'off' inside the body has been developed by researchers at the University of Adelaide.

"The drug can switch between a toxic 'on' state and a non-toxic 'off' state, and this switching is controlled externally using light," says researcher Kathryn Palasis.

Using a switchable drug has the potential to minimise the severe side effects often experienced by during treatment, including and anaemia.

"Our goal is to administer the drug in its 'off' state and then only turn it 'on' in the tumour area," says Kathryn. "This means won't be exposed to the toxic 'on' state of the drug which should help to reduce side effects."

The best compound tested in the study displayed similar toxicity in its 'on' state to the clinically-used drug it is based on, but in its 'off' state was shown to be non-toxic to healthy cells.

The drug has so far only been tested against cells in the lab, but the researchers hope switchable drugs could one day be used in the clinic.

"We think this has the potential to really improve the quality of life for long-suffering chemotherapy patients," says Kathryn.

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