Opioid abuse/dependence in those hospitalized due to periapical abscess

March 23, 2018, International & American Associations for Dental Research

At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Veerasathpurush Allareddy, University of Iowa, College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics, Iowa City, presented a poster titled "Opioid Abuse/Dependence in Those Hospitalized Due to Periapical Abscess." The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. from March 21-24, 2018.

Opioid abuse/dependence (OAD) is an emerging public health crisis in the USA. The objective of this study was to estimate the nationwide prevalence of OAD in those hospitalized due to periapical in the U.S., testing the hypothesis that a mix of patient and geography related factors are associated with OAD in this cohort.

Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for years 2012 to 2014, all that were hospitalized due to periapical abscess were selected for analysis. OAD was identified and used as the outcome variable, and a mix of patient and geographic factors were used as independent variables.

During the study period 30,040 patients were hospitalized due to periapical abscess—1.5% of these had OAD. Those aged 18 to 29 years were associated with higher odds for OAD compared to those aged 45 to 64 years. Blacks were associated with lower odds for OAD compared to Whites and those covered by Medicare, Medicaid and Uninsured were associated with higher odds for OAD compared to those covered by private insurance.

Odds of OAD increased with co-morbid burden but there were no significant variations in OAD across geographic regions of USA and by hospital location/teaching status. Household income levels and gender were also not significantly associated with OAD.

"From this study," said Veerasathpurush Allareddy, "we see that the high risk groups that are likely to have OAD were identified amongst those hospitalized due to periapical abscess."

The study findings are based on the Nationwide Inpatient Sample which is sponsored by the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Explore further: Opioid prescribing patterns of oral and maxillofacial surgeons: A nationwide survey

Related Stories

Opioid prescribing patterns of oral and maxillofacial surgeons: A nationwide survey

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Brandon Michael Syme, University ...

Effect of deployment on use of e-cigarettes in US military

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Prescott McWilliams, United States ...

Access and utilization of dental services for Medicaid children 2013-2015

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Natalia I. Chalmers, D.D.S., Ph.D. ...

Effect of an opioid prescribing protocol on provider prescribing behavior

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Chad Lowell Wagner, University of ...

Investigating the enigmatic link between periodontal inflammation and retinal degeneration

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Hyun Hong, The Dental College of ...

E-cigarette aerosol exposure causes craniofacial abnormalities in mice

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Suraj Kandalam, Virginia Commonwealth ...

Recommended for you

Much-needed new antibiotic shows great promise for treating gum disease

October 23, 2018
A new antibiotic being developed at the University of Virginia School of Medicine appears ideal for battling periodontal disease, the leading cause of tooth loss in adults, according to dental researchers at Virginia Commonwealth ...

Researchers identify immune culprits linked to inflammation and bone loss in gum disease

October 17, 2018
An unhealthy population of microbes in the mouth triggers specialized immune cells that inflame and destroy tissues, leading to the type of bone loss associated with a severe form of gum disease, according to a new study ...

Periodontal disease bacteria may kick-start Alzheimer's

October 4, 2018
Long-term exposure to periodontal disease bacteria causes inflammation and degeneration of brain neurons in mice that is similar to the effects of Alzheimer's disease in humans, according to a new study from researchers at ...

Dental research shows that smoking weakens immune systems

September 26, 2018
As if lung cancer, emphysema and heart disease weren't enough, there's more bad news for cigarette smokers.

Regrowing dental tissue with stem cells from baby teeth

September 11, 2018
Sometimes kids trip and fall, and their teeth take the hit. Nearly half of children suffer some injury to a tooth during childhood. When that trauma affects an immature permanent tooth, it can hinder blood supply and root ...

The starch risk to teeth

August 7, 2018
An examination of research on oral health, commissioned by the World Health Organisation, has indicated that for oral health we should stick to whole grain carbohydrates and avoid processed ones, especially if sweet.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.