Opioid abuse/dependence in those hospitalized due to periapical abscess

March 23, 2018, International & American Associations for Dental Research

At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Veerasathpurush Allareddy, University of Iowa, College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics, Iowa City, presented a poster titled "Opioid Abuse/Dependence in Those Hospitalized Due to Periapical Abscess." The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. from March 21-24, 2018.

Opioid abuse/dependence (OAD) is an emerging public health crisis in the USA. The objective of this study was to estimate the nationwide prevalence of OAD in those hospitalized due to periapical in the U.S., testing the hypothesis that a mix of patient and geography related factors are associated with OAD in this cohort.

Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for years 2012 to 2014, all that were hospitalized due to periapical abscess were selected for analysis. OAD was identified and used as the outcome variable, and a mix of patient and geographic factors were used as independent variables.

During the study period 30,040 patients were hospitalized due to periapical abscess—1.5% of these had OAD. Those aged 18 to 29 years were associated with higher odds for OAD compared to those aged 45 to 64 years. Blacks were associated with lower odds for OAD compared to Whites and those covered by Medicare, Medicaid and Uninsured were associated with higher odds for OAD compared to those covered by private insurance.

Odds of OAD increased with co-morbid burden but there were no significant variations in OAD across geographic regions of USA and by hospital location/teaching status. Household income levels and gender were also not significantly associated with OAD.

"From this study," said Veerasathpurush Allareddy, "we see that the high risk groups that are likely to have OAD were identified amongst those hospitalized due to periapical abscess."

The study findings are based on the Nationwide Inpatient Sample which is sponsored by the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Explore further: Opioid prescribing patterns of oral and maxillofacial surgeons: A nationwide survey

Related Stories

Opioid prescribing patterns of oral and maxillofacial surgeons: A nationwide survey

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Brandon Michael Syme, University ...

Effect of deployment on use of e-cigarettes in US military

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Prescott McWilliams, United States ...

Access and utilization of dental services for Medicaid children 2013-2015

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Natalia I. Chalmers, D.D.S., Ph.D. ...

Effect of an opioid prescribing protocol on provider prescribing behavior

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Chad Lowell Wagner, University of ...

Investigating the enigmatic link between periodontal inflammation and retinal degeneration

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Hyun Hong, The Dental College of ...

E-cigarette aerosol exposure causes craniofacial abnormalities in mice

March 23, 2018
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Suraj Kandalam, Virginia Commonwealth ...

Recommended for you

Regrowing dental tissue with stem cells from baby teeth

September 11, 2018
Sometimes kids trip and fall, and their teeth take the hit. Nearly half of children suffer some injury to a tooth during childhood. When that trauma affects an immature permanent tooth, it can hinder blood supply and root ...

The starch risk to teeth

August 7, 2018
An examination of research on oral health, commissioned by the World Health Organisation, has indicated that for oral health we should stick to whole grain carbohydrates and avoid processed ones, especially if sweet.

Experts question benefits of fluoride-free toothpaste

August 7, 2018
Dental health experts worry that more people are using toothpaste that skips the most important ingredient—fluoride—and leaves them at a greater risk of cavities.

Researchers discover cellular messengers communicate with bacteria in the mouth

May 8, 2018
A new UCLA-led study provides clear evidence that cellular messengers in saliva may be able to regulate the growth of oral bacteria responsible for diseases, such as periodontitis and meningitis.

Drug-filled, 3-D printed dentures could fight off infections

April 25, 2018
Nearly two-thirds of the U.S. denture-wearing population suffer frequent fungal infections that cause inflammation, redness and swelling in the mouth.

Bacteria boost antifungal drug resistance in severe childhood tooth decay

April 25, 2018
Early childhood caries, a form of severe tooth decay affecting toddlers and preschoolers, can set children up for a lifetime of dental and health problems. The problem can be significant enough that surgery is the only effective ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.