Any opioid use tied to involvement in criminal justice system

July 10, 2018

(HealthDay)—Any opioid use is associated with involvement in the criminal justice system in the past year, according to a study published online July 6 in JAMA Network Open.

Tyler N.A. Winkelman, M.D., from Hennepin Healthcare in Minneapolis, and colleagues used the 2015 to 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine the independent correlation of intensity of opioid use with health, co-occurring substance use, and involvement in the system. Data were included for 78,976 U.S. respondents age 18 to 64 years, representative of 196,280,447 adults.

The researchers found that, compared to individuals reporting no opioid use, those with any level of opioid use were significantly more likely to be white, have a low income, and report a chronic condition, disability, severe mental illness, or co-occurring drug use. As intensity of drug use increased, history of involvement in the criminal system increased (15.9, 22.4, 33.2, 51.7, and 76.8 percent, respectively, for no use, prescription opioid use, prescription opioid misuse, prescription opioid use disorder, and heroin use). Compared with no opioid use, any level of use correlated with involvement in the criminal justice system in the past year in adjusted models.

"Combating the will require that involve criminal justice systems, as well as policies that reduce involvement in the criminal justice system among individuals with substance use disorders," the authors write.

One author disclosed receipt of royalties from UpToDate.

Explore further: Study finds religious involvement does little to prevent opioid abuse

More information: Abstract/Full Text

Related Stories

Study finds religious involvement does little to prevent opioid abuse

June 20, 2018
Does going to church help people avoid struggles with opioid abuse? New research from Florida State University says no.

Patterns of potential misuse help assess risk of opioid overdose

May 22, 2018
(HealthDay)—Patterns of potential opioid misuse are positively associated with subsequent opioid overdose, according to a study published online May 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Risk of persistent opioid use a concern for youth after surgery

December 4, 2017
(HealthDay)—Adolescents and young adults are at risk for persistent opioid use after surgery, and this represents an important pathway to consider in the epidemic of prescription opioid misuse, according to a study published ...

Opioid use may affect treatment for alcohol dependence

June 6, 2018
New research indicates that opioid misuse and the use of cannabis and other drugs may compromise the effectiveness of treatments for alcohol use disorder. In an Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research study, individuals ...

Marijuana legalization may reduce opioid use

April 4, 2018
(HealthDay)—State implementation of medical marijuana laws is associated with a reduction in the rate of opioid prescribing, according to a study published online April 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

US doctors prescribing fewer opioid painkillers: report

May 31, 2018
US doctors reduced the number of prescriptions for opioid painkillers last year, continuing a five-year trend, in an effort to reverse a deadly drug abuse epidemic, a report released Thursday said.

Recommended for you

Mouse model aids study of immunomodulation

November 19, 2018
Because mice do not respond to immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs), preclinical therapeutic and safety studies of the effects of IMiDs have not been possible in existing types of mice. This has led to an inability to accurately ...

Rapid response inpatient education boosts use of needed blood-thinning drugs

November 16, 2018
A new study designed to reach hospitalized patients at risk shows that a "real-time" educational conversation, video or leaflet can lower the missed dose rates of drugs that can prevent potentially lethal blood clots in their ...

Drug overdose epidemic goes far beyond opioids, requires new policies

November 7, 2018
Most government-funded initiatives to address the overdose epidemic in the United States have targeted opioids specifically and have neglected other drugs that are increasingly implicated in overdoses, such as cocaine and ...

Zebrafish larvae help in search for appetite suppressants

November 2, 2018
Researchers at the University of Zurich and Harvard University have developed a new strategy in the search for psychoactive drugs. By analyzing the behavior of larval zebrafish, they can filter out substances with unwanted ...

FDA OKs powerful opioid pill as alternative to IV painkiller

November 2, 2018
U.S. regulators on Friday approved a fast-acting, super-potent opioid tablet as an alternative to IV painkillers used in hospitals.

Amphetamine-related hospitalizations surged between 2003 and 2015

November 2, 2018
An analysis conducted by Hennepin Healthcare, University of Minnesota School of Public Health and University of Michigan researchers shows amphetamine-related hospitalizations increased more than 270 percent from 2008 to ...

1 comment

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

not rated yet Jul 10, 2018
Looks like criminal justice abuse. It's now become a crime to relieve pain. Backward priorities.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.