Better classification of dry eye disease will aid diagnosis, Tx

September 12, 2018

(HealthDay)—Attention to the subtypes of dry eye disease may better equip clinicians to diagnose and treat cases, according to a review article recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Janine A. Clayton, M.D., from the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Md., conducted a literature review to describe current knowledge of the causes and treatment of dry eye, ongoing research, and future directions for advancing knowledge and treatment of the condition.

Clayton explains that dry eye has many causes. It can occur with other conditions, as a consequence of environmental triggers, or as a side effect of medications, such as over-the-counter antihistamines. Dry eye can be caused or exacerbated by ocular surgery, computer use, contact-lens use, or low-humidity . Initial diagnosis can be complicated by subjective symptoms, variable presentation, and few objective signs that can be assessed in the primary care setting.

"By thinking in terms of the subtypes of dry eye, classified on the basis of risk factors and pathophysiological features, clinicians will be better equipped to diagnose and treat cases," Clayton writes.

Explore further: Eye disease can cause blindness, and it's on the rise

More information: Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Eye disease can cause blindness, and it's on the rise

August 29, 2018
A new study into recent cases of ocular syphilis warns increasing numbers of people are at risk of permanent damage to their vision.

Knowing patients' social needs helps clinicians tailor care

August 14, 2018
(HealthDay)—Clinicians report that knowing patients' social needs changes care delivery and improves communication for many patients, according to a study published recently in the Journal of the American Board of Family ...

Objective measures needed for assessing nasal obstruction

May 11, 2018
(HealthDay)—The Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale is an adequate subjective measure for assessing nasal airway obstruction (NAO), but more objective measures are required for diagnosis and treatment of NAO, ...

Various diagnostic tools available for ocular allergy

April 18, 2017
(HealthDay)—There are currently various tools available for diagnosing ocular allergy, although several unmet needs remain, according to a position paper published online April 7 in Allergy.

Sex now needs to be included as a biological variable in NIH-funded research, but how?

July 5, 2017
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) instituted a policy that now expects sex to be considered as a variable, much like a subject's age or weight, in the biomedical research it funds, but researchers appear unclear what ...

New method helps diagnose neurological disorder that requires early treatment

May 5, 2016
Researchers have developed a quick and simple method for measuring bile acids in biological fluids that can be used to rapidly diagnosis a severe fat storage disorder that can lead to liver disease in infancy and neurological ...

Recommended for you

Researchers report vision-based neurotransmitter events for the first time

November 27, 2018
How does vision work, and what happens in the brain during the process? As simple as this question may sound, it has yet to be scientifically clarified. Dr. Valentin Riedl of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and his ...

Minimally invasive retinal detachment has better outcomes, clinical trial findings

November 26, 2018
A minimally invasive treatment for retinal detachment gives patients sharper vision, less distortion and reduced side-effects, according to the findings of a randomized controlled trial performed at St. Michael's Hospital ...

Scientists combine technologies to view the retina in unprecedented detail

November 14, 2018
By combining two imaging modalities—adaptive optics and angiography—investigators at the National Eye Institute (NEI) can see live neurons, epithelial cells, and blood vessels deep in the eye's light-sensing retina. Resolving ...

Eyepatch with dissolvable needles used to treat eye disease

November 12, 2018
A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Singapore has developed an eyepatch with dissolvable needles for use in treating eye diseases. In their paper published in the journal Nature Communications, the ...

Calcifications in the eye increase risk for progression to advanced AMD by more than six times

November 8, 2018
Calcified nodules in the retina are associated with progression to late stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Experts from Queen's University Belfast, working in partnership with the University of Alabama of Birmingham ...

Traditional glaucoma test can miss severity of disease

November 8, 2018
The most common tests for glaucoma can underestimate the severity of the condition by not detecting the presence of central vision loss, according to a new Columbia University study.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.