Sugary drinks and fruit juice may increase risk of early death

Sugary drinks <i>and</i> fruit juice may increase risk of early death

(HealthDay)—Most folks know that sugary drinks aren't healthy, but a new study finds fruit juices are not much better.

In fact, consuming them regularly may help shorten your life, researchers say.

"Older adults who drink more , which include juice as well as sodas and other sugar-sweetened beverages, may be at risk of dying earlier," said study author Jean Welsh. She is an associate professor at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta.

"Efforts to decrease consumption of sodas and other sugar-sweetened beverages should also include , and these efforts need to include adults as well as children," Welsh said.

For the study, Welsh and her colleagues collected data on 13,440 men and women, average age 64, who were part of a large stroke study from 2003 to 2007. Among these participants, 71% were obese or overweight.

The participants were asked how many sugar-sweetened drinks they consumed. Over an average of six years, 1,168 of the participants died.

The researchers found that those who drank the most sugar-sweetened beverages—including 100% fruit juice—had higher odds of dying during the study, compared with those who drank the least of these.

Moreover, each additional 12-ounce drink increased the risk even more.

The report was published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

In the United States, about half of the population consumes at least one sugar-sweetened drink per day, said Marta Guasch-Ferre, a research scientist in the department of nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, in Boston.

"Most people are aware that sodas and other sugar-sweetened beverages—including , fruit punch and energy drinks—are associated with weight gain and adverse health effects. But fruit juices are still widely perceived by many as a healthier option," Guasch-Ferre said.

Evidence has shown that sugar-sweetened drinks are tied to an increased risk for diabetes, heart disease and obesity, she added. The evidence is less clear for fruit juice.

Whole juice contains some nutrients, and that may be beneficial for health, but they also contain relatively high amounts of sugar from natural sources, Guasch-Ferre explained.

Although fruit juices have been associated with an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease, whole fruits have not, she said.

Current recommendations suggest no more than 4 to 6 ounces of juice per day, Guasch-Ferre said.

"Although fruit juices are not as harmful as sugar-sweetened beverages, consumption should be moderated in both children and adults, especially for individuals who attempt to control their body weight," said Guasch-Ferre, who co-authored an accompanying journal editorial.

Fruit-based smoothies are commonly seen as healthier options. However, their ingredients can vary substantially and there is limited research on their health effects, she said. In addition, smoothies are usually very high in calories and so aren't recommended as daily beverages. Vegetable juice is a lower-calorie alternative to fruit , but may contain a lot of salt.

"The current evidence suggests that water should be the preferred beverage, and the intake of other beverages such as tea or coffee, without sugar and creamers, should be chosen in place of sugar-sweetened drinks," Guasch-Ferre advised.


Explore further

Not drinking water may boost kids' consumption of sugary beverages

More information: Jean Welsh, R.N., M.P.H., Ph.D., associate professor, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta; Marta Guasch-Ferre, Ph.D., research scientist, department of nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston; May 17, 2019, JAMA Network Open, online

Visit the Harvard School of Public Health for more on sugary drinks.

Journal information: JAMA Network Open

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May 18, 2019
On topic of sugar soft drinks...this is nothing new...

But,
Whole juice contains some nutrients, and that may be beneficial for health, but they also contain relatively high amounts of sugar from natural sources, Guasch-Ferre explained.

Although fruit juices have been associated with an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease, whole fruits have not, she said.


Fruit Juice (whether juiced or blended) is whole-fruit in which the step of chewing has been replaced. If one is bad the other is. They cannot be mutually exclusive, they are mutually inclusive.

So basically we have a previous known: sugar is bad, and we still have an unknown: fruits bad/good. For this study to have a conclusion we would need to know is fruit (or its juice or blend) bad for you.

May 18, 2019
Sorry, I would just like to make known that eating a sugar packet is not bad for you either. Every single food you eat your body will break down a percentage of into sugar anyway. Sugar is not bad for you, overconsumption is. Plain and simple, the fact that sugar is calorie dense and nutrient devoid does not equate it to an unhealthy source of energy, the human body runs mainly off it mind you. For instance, if you were to say go for an endurance activity, like running biking kayaking whatever, it is one of the best substances for a quick energy boost.

Its actually a diversion and scapegoat for the true problem, people are not consuming the right quantities of necessary nutrients. Either missing nutrients in their diets or consuming too few or many of them.

May 18, 2019
re: 'Fruit Juice (whether juiced or blended) is whole-fruit in which the step of chewing has been replaced'
Trying to obfuscate the issue? Fruit juice is not whole fruit, period. The fiber and the pulp have been removed from the juice and often fructose blended and adjusted so you don't taste the acidity without sufficient sugary taste.

High amounts of fructose is bad for you because fructose is metabolized differently from other sugars. It doesn't matter if the fructose comes from fruits or more often from high fructose corn syrup.

May 18, 2019
Some of the posts you read are just propaganda from the sugar industry. Go to Pubmed and read about the profound danger of consuming too much fructose.

Earl Butz was the Secretary of Agriculture from 1971 to 1976 under Republicans Nixon and Ford. His mantra to farmers was "get big or get out," and he urged farmers to plant commodity crops such as corn "from fencerow to fencerow." In 1983, under Republican Reagan, the FDA approved HFCS as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) and the use of the sweetener grew exponentially in the American diet and the prevalence of obesity nearly tripled, new cases of diagnosed diabetes quadrupled in subsequent years.

It turned out that HFCS (high fructose) was anything but safe in the dosage which Americans have become addicted. This one decision of deregulation and commoditization of food by the Republicans have cost the early deaths and diseases in millions of Americans and is one of the major factor driving the explosion of health care cost.

May 18, 2019
Go to Pubmed and read about the profound danger of consuming >too much< fructose.
<<<<----

Exactly

Like studies of consuming >too much< fat and protein, and minerals like potassium and iron and I could honestly name every single food substance and constituent and having >too much< of it would have a negative health effect...

Sugar being calorie dense and either too easy to consume >too much< of, or so tasty:) that it becomes addictive to susceptible individuals does not make it a demonic presence.

May 18, 2019
Best I can offer is evidence from real world sources, I've for fun looked up the diets and lifestyles of the oldest lived humans to have ever graced this planet and have found that sugar was found in all of their diets. Frankly, real world examples I trust more than any theory/conjecture/hypothesis, its just how I'm hardwired.

It boils down to quantities.

May 18, 2019
If temperatures fell to absolute zero, life would not fare well. Too much heat and life cooks or boils. So is Heat bad or good?

Whats a Calorie anyway?

May 18, 2019
is whole-fruit in which the step of chewing has been replaced. If one is bad the other is.


Wrong. Eating whole fruit does not release all the sugar to your system at once. The sugar is slowly released during digestion.
In a juice, it's all there immediately.

May 18, 2019
>>Although fruit juices are not as harmful...

Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. Correlation does not imply causation. STATISTICS: LEARN IT.

May 18, 2019
is whole-fruit in which the step of chewing has been replaced. If one is bad the other is.


Wrong. Eating whole fruit does not release all the sugar to your system at once. The sugar is slowly released during digestion.
In a juice, it's all there immediately.


Wrong. Chewing up an apple and swallowing it will make available the same amount of fructose as blending it up in a blender and swallowing it. The rate at which your body converts the fructose from a chewed up apple to glucose does not differ from the rate at which the fructose from a blended apple will be converted to glucose.

Even though what you say is flagrantly false, I can play pretend. In the world where digestion between chewed up fruit and blended up fruit varies, where fructose from blended fruit is converted into glucose faster the solution is simple: Drink the blended fruit at a slower rate.

May 18, 2019
Wrong. Chewing up an apple and swallowing it will make available the same amount of fructose as blending it up in a blender and swallowing it.


Oh BS you just make chit up. Not nearly all the sugar is released when chewed. Most is still in the undigested apple flesh.

Where do you get you BOGUS INFO?

May 18, 2019
Even though what you say is flagrantly false, I can play pretend.


You're just an arrogant fool. You call it fructose and glucose just to sound educated. Doctor, lol.

May 18, 2019
Wrong. Chewing up an apple and swallowing it will make available the same amount of fructose as blending it up in a blender and swallowing it.


Oh BS you just make chit up. Not nearly all the sugar is released when chewed. Most is still in the undigested apple flesh.

Where do you get you BOGUS INFO?


LMFAO. "Undigested apple flesh" I assume you mean chunks of the apple in which case I'm feeling obliged to say: chew your food better so you don't choke. If having trouble chewing get a masticating juicer.

BTW where you get your edumacation?

May 18, 2019
BTW where you get your edumacation?


You're just plain stupid to think all the flesh in the bite of an apple gets dissolved. You'd have to chew the bite 10,000 times.

Fool.

May 19, 2019
BTW where you get your edumacation?


You're just plain stupid to think all the flesh in the bite of an apple gets dissolved. You'd have to chew the bite 10,000 times.

Fool.


If you have working molars I want you to test your own theory for me, take a bite of an apple and chew it 10 times and spit the contents into a glass. take another bite and chew it 20 times and spit it into another glass. take another bite and chew it 30 times and spit into 3rd glass. You'll soon see that 10,000 chews might not be required to fully masticate a bite of an apple:)

Also, look into a masticating juicer if your molars are not good masticators.

Whether I'm plain stupid or not is none of your concern, but you my friend are just plain wrong. sorry. have a nice day.

And mind telling me where I said that chewing dissolves the flesh of an apple?

May 20, 2019
Tea with no sugar is not good on a long term. My grandmother knew this from a doctor. It does bad to the heart as it overworks it and the heart needs sugar. The same is for coffee.

What is bad is too much sugar. Consider this: blood is about 0.5% sugar (if I remember well; you can check). Now tea and coffee would probably go better with a bit more; but generally having a drink with about the same sugar percentage is like replenishing blood fluids. Now things get a bit complex if you factor in gut bacteria (Helicobacter in the stomach); you'd feed those too and on a long term I don't know the effects. But 0.5% sugar is about neutral for a drink.

Many beverages got at 20 times that concentration or even more, and that is dangerous. If you had a bad stomach ache from sugary or carbonated beverages you know that.

Also, water seems to do fine without any sugar.

May 20, 2019
Wrong. Chewing up an apple and swallowing it will make available the same amount of fructose as blending it up in a blender and swallowing it.


Oh BS you just make chit up. Not nearly all the sugar is released when chewed. Most is still in the undigested apple flesh.

Where do you get you BOGUS INFO?


except the original post is correct.

May 20, 2019
Kron :

You've stated that :

"sugar is not bad for you , overconsumption is"

But then , you states that sugar in necessary for physical activities (like running , biking , kayaking etc ...).

However , in modern societies , many people are engaged in mental , rather than physical , activities ! But brains are not powered by sugar !

But , as creatures of habits , many people are still used to consume enough sugar for a level of physical activities as cavemen , even though they hold desk-bound jobs , and spend their spare time in a chair , watching T. V. !

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