These neurons affect how much you do, or don't, want to eat

dessert
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Like a symphony, multiple brain regions work in concert to regulate the need to eat. University of Arizona researchers believe they have identified a symphony conductor—a brain region that regulates appetite suppression and activation—tucked within the amygdala, the brain's emotional hub.

The UA Department of Neuroscience team found the neurocircuitry controlling appetite loss, called anorexia, said assistant professor Haijiang Cai, who is a member of the BIO5 Institute and heads up the neuroscience lab that ran the study.

Anorexia can be triggered by disease-induced inflammation, and can negatively impact recovery and treatment success. It is harmful to quality of life and increases morbidity in many diseases, the authors wrote. The paper, "A bed nucleus of stria terminalis microcircuit regulating inflammation-associated modulation of feeding," was published June 24 in Nature Communications.

To determine if the specific within the amygdala control feeding behavior, researchers inhibited the neurons, which increased appetite. They then activated the neurons, causing a decrease in .

"By silencing the neurons within the circuit, we can effectively block feeding suppression caused by inflammation to make patients eat more," Cai said. "We used for simplification, but for people with obesity, we can activate those neurons to help them eat less. That's the potential impact of this kind of study."

Feeding sounds simple, but it's not, Cai related. People feel hunger either to satisfy nutritional deficits or for the reward of eating something good. Once food i found, we check that it's good before chewing and swallowing. After a certain point, we feel satisfaction.

Theoretically, each step is controlled by different neurociruitry.

"This circuitry we found is really exciting because it suggests that many different parts of talk to each other," Cai said. "We can hopefully find a way to understand how these different steps of feeding are coordinated."

The region was found in mice models. The next step is to identify it in humans and validate that same mechanisms exist. If they do, then scientists can find some way to control feeding activities, Cai said.


Explore further

Afraid of food? The answer may be in the basal forebrain

More information: Yong Wang et al, A bed nucleus of stria terminalis microcircuit regulating inflammation-associated modulation of feeding, Nature Communications (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-10715-x
Journal information: Nature Communications

Citation: These neurons affect how much you do, or don't, want to eat (2019, June 25) retrieved 19 October 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-06-neurons-affect-dont.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
1 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more