Neighborhood environment and health

Neighborhood environment and health
Therese S. Richmond, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, the Andrea B. Laporte Professor of Nursing, Associate Dean for Research & Innovation, and senior investigator for the study. Credit: Penn Nursing

It is well understood that urban black males are at a disproportionately high risk of poor health outcomes. But little is known about how the neighborhood environments where these men live contribute to their health.

In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) examined the relationship between area-level characteristics and individual-level neighborhood perceptions in urban Philadelphia and assessed their associations with indicators of the physical and of recently injured, black men. "Racial, socioeconomic and neighborhood disparities persist, and it is helpful to distinguish between the effects of what objectively exists in a neighborhood (such as ) from what people perceive about their environment (such as feeling safe)," said lead-author Aimee Palumbo Ph.D., MPH, who conducted this investigation during a post-doctoral fellowship at the Penn Injury Science Center.

They used self-reported physical and mental health for the thirty days before these men were injured. They made two discoveries: increased odds of poor mental health were associated with neighborhood economics and education and individual perceptions of social disorder and safety; and increased odds of poor physical health was associated with neighborhood deprivation and disconnectedness.

"The analysis of the contribution of area-level characteristics and individual-level perceptions of neighborhood environment to the mental and of recently injured, urban black males is an important step toward understanding factors that contribute to in ," said Therese S. Richmond, Ph.D., CRNP, FAAN, the Andrea B. Laporte Professor of Nursing, Associate Dean for Research & Innovation, and senior investigator for the study.


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More information: Aimee J. Palumbo et al, Neighborhood Environment and Health of Injured Urban Black Men, Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities (2019). DOI: 10.1007/s40615-019-00609-5
Citation: Neighborhood environment and health (2019, July 17) retrieved 20 August 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-07-neighborhood-environment-health.html
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