Immunity key to motor neurone disease treatment

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Customized immune-blocking medication may be the key to treating patients with motor neurone disease (MND), which currently has no cure and limited therapeutic options.

University of Queensland researchers have tested that circulate in the blood to determine if they're linked with specific characteristics and features of MND.

The team analyzed immune cells from 23 healthy people and 48 patients with MND to measure differences in patients' immune profiles.

Research assistant and UQ medical student Raquel McGill said their study showed certain immune cells were associated with distinct MND features, including impaired swallowing, speech and breathing, as well as severity and rate of progression.

"A challenging aspect of MND treatment is the diverse nature of the disease; many MND patients present and progress differently," Ms McGill said.

"Prior research has identified the as a possible key factor in the progression of MND, but what drives the different MND types is less clear.

"Our findings show that abnormal immune cells in the blood are linked with a MND patient's clinical characteristics and disease progression."

UQ School of Biomedical Sciences lead author Professor Trent Woodruff said the research also suggested that immune-blocking drugs could be personalized to treat each patient's unique disease symptoms and stages.

"There are several immune-targeted drugs currently progressing to , including UQ's own discoveries," Professor Woodruff said.

"Our findings may help with patient selection for these trials, which could lead to improved outcomes."

The study is published in Brain Communications.


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More information: R B McGill et al. Monocytes and neutrophils are associated with clinical features in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Brain Communications (2020). DOI: 10.1093/braincomms/fcaa013
Citation: Immunity key to motor neurone disease treatment (2020, February 17) retrieved 9 April 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-02-immunity-key-motor-neurone-disease.html
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