A brain signature that predicts vulnerability to addiction

A pile of cocaine hydrochloride. Credit: DEA Drug Enforcement Agency, public domain

A team of neurobiologists at the Institut de Neurosciences de la Timone (CNRS/Aix-Marseille Université) has just shown that within a population of rats it can predict which will become cocaine addicts.

One of the criteria for addiction in rats is the compulsive search for a drug despite its . Scientists observed abnormal activity in a specific region of the brain, the subthalamic nucleus, only in future addicted individuals, and did so before they were exposed to 'punishment' associated with the seeking for the drug.

These results, which have just been published online by PNAS, also indicate that it is possible to reduce this compulsive cocaine-seeking behavior in rats by stimulating the , confirming its interest as a target in the treatment of addiction.

More information: Mickael Degoulet et al, Subthalamic low-frequency oscillations predict vulnerability to cocaine addiction, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2021). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2024121118

Provided by CNRS
Citation: A brain signature that predicts vulnerability to addiction (2021, March 31) retrieved 19 July 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-03-brain-signature-vulnerability-addiction.html
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