US surgeon general report warns of mental health crisis hitting youth

US surgeon general report warns of mental health crisis hitting youth

(HealthDay)—The pandemic has intensified mental health struggles that were already widespread among American teens, U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Vivek Murthy warned Tuesday.

The pandemic and other major issues faced by their generation are causing "devastating" mental health effects in , he warned in a new report.

Emergency room visits for suicide attempts by were 51% higher in early 2021 than in early 2019, and 4% higher for boys.

Worldwide, symptoms of anxiety and depression doubled during the pandemic, but were already increasing in the United States before COVID-19, according to Murthy. For example, ER visits due to depression, anxiety and similar conditions rose 28% between 2011 and 2015, the report found.

The causes of the mental health crisis among youth are complex, and include adolescent brain chemistry, family and friends and a fast-paced media culture, according to Murthy.

"Young people are bombarded with messages through the media and popular culture that erode their sense of self-worth—telling them they are not good-looking enough, popular enough, smart enough or rich enough," Murthy wrote. "That comes as progress on legitimate, and distressing, issues like climate change, income inequality, racial injustice, the opioid epidemic and gun violence feels too slow."

Bonnie Nagel, a pediatric neuropsychologist at Oregon Health & Science University who treats and studies teens, said that online interactions do not seem to satisfy core needs for connection. And recent research from her and her colleagues found that the feeling of loneliness is a key predictor for depression and suicidal ideation.

"I don't think it is genuine human connection when talking to somebody with a fake facade online," Nagel told The New York Times.

The surgeon general's report is the latest call for action on adolescent mental health. In October, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the Children's Hospital Association jointly declared "a " in youth mental health.

Murthy's advisory called for more resources to be devoted to understanding and addressing mental health challenges.

"This is a moment to demand change," the report concluded.


Explore further

U.S. pediatricians, psychiatrists declare 'emergency' in child mental health

More information: Visit the National Institute of Mental Health for more on mental health among teens.

Gareth Harman et al, Prediction of suicidal ideation and attempt in 9 and 10 year-old children using transdiagnostic risk features, PLOS ONE (2021). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0252114

Journal information: PLoS ONE

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Citation: US surgeon general report warns of mental health crisis hitting youth (2021, December 8) retrieved 24 January 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-12-surgeon-mental-health-crisis-youth.html
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