Hearing loss, dual sensory loss tied to higher mortality

Hearing loss, dual sensory loss tied to higher mortality

(HealthDay)—Hearing loss (HL) and dual sensory loss (DSL) are associated with excess all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, according to a review published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Benjamin Kye Jyn Tan, from the National University of Singapore, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review to identify studies evaluating associations between HL or DSL and .

Based on 14 retrospective and 13 prospective observational studies (1.2 million participants), the researchers found that HL was associated with excess all-cause mortality (hazard ratio, 1.13; 21 studies) and cardiovascular mortality (hazard ratio, 1.28; six studies), while DSL was associated with larger excess risks (hazard ratios for all-cause and , 1.40 [10 studies] and 1.86 [two studies], respectively) when adjusting for demographics and comorbidities. Studies with longer follow-up duration showed weakening of the pooled association. Among audiometric studies, meta-regression showed a dose-response association (doubling of hazard ratio per 30-dB increase in HL). There was a similar effect size observed among self-reported and audiometric HL. Associations between HL and DSL with accident/injury, cancer, and stroke mortality were inconclusive, with few studies evaluating them.

"Physicians caring for patients with HL should consider its relevance to and longevity," the authors write.

More information: Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2021 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Hearing loss, dual sensory loss tied to higher mortality (2022, January 5) retrieved 6 December 2023 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-01-loss-dual-sensory-tied-higher.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Seafood consumption, mercury exposure not tied to mortality


Feedback to editors